Thursday, February 14, 2013

VINOBA BHAVE IN KASHMIR



                                                                             
 (MAY 1953 ISSUE OF TIME MAGAZINE HAD  VINOBA JI IN ITS COVER STORY)
      
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( Bakshi Ghulam Mohd with Vinoba Bhave Ji In Kashmir )


                                                                             
                                  ( Bakshi Ghulam Mohd with Vinoba ji at Baramulla )


              

                          (VINOBA BHAVE ( 1895-1982 ) IN KASHMIR )





Vinoba Bhave visited Kashmir during the summer of 1960. On August 2, 1960, he entered the Kashmir valley via Gulmarg after visiting Poonch. He came to spread the message of Bhoodaan. He stayed in J&K state for about four months and during this period, he visited Sopore, Baramulla, Bandipore, Handwara in North Kashmir. He also visited many places in Anantnag district as it existed during that time. He visited schools, colleges and addressed many gatherings spreading the message of peace, unity, Bhoodaan and Sarvodaya.

                                   

He returned via Banihaal and travelled on foot for 21 days addressing people who thronged to see him at Banihaal, Ramsoo, Ramban, Chenani, Batote and Udhampur.

                      

 Vinoba Ji's vision was a new Social order or a non-violent society based on love, compassion and human values. Sarvodaya, as he explained, was a society in which good of everyone was achievable. His message of Bhoodaan or voluntary land donation by the rich to the poor the landless was something that brought a peaceful change of heart. 



Vinoba Bhave's most notable contribution was the creation of the Bhoodaan (land gift) movement whereby acres of fertile agriculture land was donated by rich landlords to poor and landless in villages across the country. It is worthwhile to mention that in 1951 when he visited Telangana villages ( ridden with the armed uprising of poor landless ) and addressed the rich landlords with his Bhoodaan message, one farmer handed over 100 acres of fertile land to Vinoba Ji there and then. He visited Pakistan where a rich landlord donated 15 acres of land to poor farmers of his village when he addressed a group of rich farmers over there.



   Vinoba Ji was well known Gandhian thinker, philosopher and a Saint. He was a Sanskrit scholar who is also considered an authority on Upnishads, Vedas and more specifically the Bhagwat Geeta. His commentaries on Mahabharata, Manusmriti, Ramayana, Bhagwat Geeta, Quran and Bible are worth reading. These commentaries exude positive vibrations and bear the stamp of a scholarly mind. Vinoba Ji was proficient in Marathi, Hindi, Urdu, Gujrati, Bengali, Punjabi and many more Indian languages. He also had a fairly good working knowledge of French and German. Vinoba Ji's knowledge of the Quran made many Maulavis blush when he would correct them in their Arabic pronunciation of certain words.




Vinoba Ji's Book 'Essence of Quran ' is a great effort to unite the hearts of Men. He learnt Arabic to compile this book. Gandhi Ji would often ask Vinoba to explain verses from Bhagwat Geeta, as well as chapters from the Quran, revealed at Mecca. Many Muslim visitors to Gandhi Ji's Ashram ( especially Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan and Maulana Azad ) were amazed at the depth and clarity of religious knowledge of Vinoba Ji. About his book 'The Essence of Quran ', Maulana Masoodi, a scholar and leader from Kashmir once said this:-



“ Even if a committee of experts were formed to do this sort of work on the Quran that Vinoba Ji has done, it would take them years. ”



His visit to Chambal ravines made many dreaded dacoits including Maan Singh, Ram Avtar, Lachchi Pandit, Daku Lukka and Tehsildar Singh to surrender and lay arms at his feet.



Some quotes of Vinoba Ji that impressed Gandhi Ji as well are as under:-



“ If a man achieves victory over this body, who in the world can exercise power over him? He who rules himself rules over the whole world.”



“ It is a curious phenomenon that God has made the hearts of the poor, rich and those of the rich, poor. ”


“ When a thing is true, there is no need to use any arguments to substantiate it.”
                                                                   



Some quotes from his Book “The steadfast Wisdom ” ae as under:-



“ Pleasure has little to do with happiness. Happiness is abiding pleasure transient. And sometimes suffering is salutary when accompanied by a sense of benignant service. When something is good for a person, he joyfully accepts the suffering that accompanies it .”



“ A Man of steadfast wisdom has three combined traits inherent to his personality. Recognize him by these traits which are knowledge ( Gyaana ), feeling ( Bhaava ) and activity ( Kriya ). These traits are complementary to each other and not antagonistic. He deals any issue through this rainbow of traits .”



“ Material things attack the mind. They do not make a direct assault on intellect. It may first seem that, though the mind is affected, the intellect is unaffected. Such a state does not last long .Precaution must be taken in time and the assault upon the mind checked at its source as soon as it starts. The first attack is made upon the mind. It is into our senses that material objects force entry and obtain a foothold, fortifying their position. The first attack must be repelled there. The senses, the mind and the intellect are the three strongholds of desire. The senses are the outermost therefore the battle begins with them. ”



( Avtar Mota )








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