Friday, December 20, 2013





Some days back I attended a Mehndiraat Function of a marriage ceremony wherein folk singers from Anantnaag were arranged by the host . Once the dinner was over , the singers sang some popular foot tapping songs so as to make guests Dance. As usual nowadays ,the foot tapping music overrides the lyrics. Where have the singers of GULREZ gone ? Where have the listeners of GULREZ gone ? I quote the new Mehndiraat songs..
Dupatta Goamayee aabuss ,
Dariyaavus Taraan Taraan ..

( My Dupatta slipped into the water
While I was crossing the river .)

Shroin Shroin Kar Tai Roannie Daamanus
Az Baaijaanus Chha Maaenziraat..

(Tinkle the bottoms of your Apparel
My brother is having his Mehndiraat today )

Maaenz haai Laaejikh Kamun Kamun
Maanzi Namum Mubarak..
( Every one has used Henna today
Bless these henna Dyed nails )

I remember the old songs upon which over ladies would also go sentimental , dance and perform Hikkat ..
Roshee valo Myaani Dilbaro
Poshan Bahaar Aav Yuur valo …

( Come my love this way !
The spring flowers are again around . )

Jaan Vandayo Yaari Jaanaanaai
Maaeji Maaleun Yeli Chhu Aasaanaai
Raaja Maaleun Teili Chhu Basaanaai
Maaej Panaai Chha Tasalaa Divanaai..
Jaan Vandayo Yaari Jaanaanaai………..

( This life for you ,My Love ! My friend !
When mothers are around  for their  daughters ,
The daughters feel regal .
For Mothers only know and console them in their pain..
This life for you ,My Love ! My friend )

Hiye Me Goadd Deut Baag Nervunaye
Sheyee Reit Draays Baazaar Kunaye
Samkhaan Samakhum Bub Panuniye
Loat Loat Huetmuss seer Baavuniye
Vyoth Vyoth Logamuss Oush Traavuniye
Sheerus Heutanum Athha Daaluniye
Dopanumm Koorie Ye Chhu Tchaaluniye
Gutchh Gutchh Koorie Gurr Panuniye
Maaleini Gaaeri Chhuna Kenh Laaruniye
Baayi Maaleun Guvv Baael Maaleuniye

( A Daughter who is having some   trouble  in her inlaws house comes to her father .   While relating her woes , the daughter  weeps inconsolably. The father Put his affectionate hand over her head. He then expresses his helplessness. He  advises her to go back to her in laws house . The conversation makes   them  sentimental. )

( Autar Mota 21.12.2013 )
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A view of Nigeen lake and Badaam-vari garden from Hari Parbat Fort
Photo Autar Mota….

I am adding some lines in kashmiri composed today..

Tche Ti Aakaasho Latzssi Pyaath Paavithh
Tim Taarukh Yim Vattie Aiss Gaash.
Vuth Zaatak He Kuthh Chhukh Pheraan
Boozum Tche ti Chhaaeyi Khuier Ludh Raash
( Autar Mota )

O Sky ! You too sent them to dust,
The stars that brought visibility to paths .
Friend ! wrap up and show not these horoscopes anymore ,
I heard your Zodiac signs too are not favorable.

( Autar Mota 21.12.2013 )

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Thursday, December 19, 2013



SOURCE ...(The photo belonged to Mrs. Santosh Mathur, great-grand daughter of Babu Shiv Narain, who was a friend of Ghalib.  Reportedly ,It is now in a private collection in Allahabad. )



Nawab Qasim Jan was  An Iranian   noble . Qasim Jan settled  in Lahore, where he was attached to the court of the Governor, Moin-ul-Mulk, in the 1750. Later  he    moved to Delhi   to join Delhi court  during the rule of  Mughal Emperor Shah Alam ( 1728-1806 AD ).  In Delhi , he was conferred the title of Nawab. He now   built  his new house  and a Mosque in Ballimaran area  . The place came to be known as   Galli Qasim jan while the mosque is known to this day as Qasim Khani Masjid   .  

That was about Gali Qasim Jan . And now Ghalib ..

Married at the young age of 13 to Umrao Begum, Ghalib ( 1797-1869. ) moved on to settle in Delhi.  In one of his letters he describes his marriage as the second imprisonment after the initial confinement that was life itself.  

This  great poet spent  important phase of his life in Gali Qasim Jan Haveli. This is the place where he composed  most of his  verses or Gazals  – Poems  that revolutionized the world of urdu poetry . But during the "Mutiny" of 1857 he lived for some time in Sharif Manzil, where Hakim Ajmal Khan's father used to reside. The reason was that Sharif Manzil was a protected building  because its owner was the personal physician of the Maharaja of Patiala, who had   excellent relations  with the British .       Ghalib also makes mention of    Small Attar  ( Perfume )  Bottles   , Pankhas  (   fans ), Mashaals (Torches), Huqqas (Hubble Bubble ) and Paandaans (betel leaf boxes) of his Haveli. The Nafeeri and Tasha (musical instrument ) shops  in the Street added  a Mughal Aura  to Ballimaran  during Ghalib’s time.

Ghalib spent a good part of his life fighting court cases  . Some money-lenders took him to court for recovery  of their dues.  Once a wine-merchant brought  a claim against Ghalib for recovery of balance due .The case came up before Mufti Sadruddin Aazurdah, an devoted admirer and a close friend of Ghalib. When Ghalib appeared  in the court to defend himself, he recited a couplet :

                    Qarz ki peete thay mai aur samajhte thay ki haan                    
                    Rang laavegi hamaari faaqa-masti ek din….
On this poetic admission, the Judge  decreed the Wine-merchant’s claim and paid the amount to him out of his own pocket.
In 1835, in a civil suit filed by a creditor , a decree for Rs. 5,000 was passed against him. In 1847, he was charged with gambling and sentenced to six months’ imprisonment and fine. In appeal, the conviction was confirmed by the Sadar Nizamat Adalat. In 1867, Ghalib filed a criminal defamation case against a writer for using insulting language against him. In a satirical couplet  with regard to  these  controversies he says  :

 Ho ga koyee aisa bhi ki Ghalib ko na jaane   
 Shaayar to Woh  achhaa hai, par badnaam bahut hai

After the  Rebellion of 1857 had subsided ,  British troops  Under the command of Col Burn  started house to house searches in  Delhi.  The troops entered Ghalib’s haveli and took him to Col Burn. The col was puzzled by  Ghalib’s appearance and Turkish  Head dress. I reproduce exact conversation of Ghalib and Col Burn as appearing in a Book ..
“  Who are You , Muslim or Hindu ? ”
 “  Half Muslim . ”
 “  What does that mean ?”
“  I drink wine but  do not eat pork. ”

After  the revolt of 1857 and  troubled by the violence and killings around,  Ghalib  rarely moved out of his room. He finally breathed his on 15th February ,  1869.

Ghalib lived a painful life .  His Liquor  addiction  troubled him so did other needs of life. After the decline of Mughal Empire and rise of British Raj, despite his many attempts, Ghalib could never get his full pension restored and  had to live like a  pauper.
All his children even the  adopted son  named Arif died young. The message about death of Arif was conveyed to him while he was in Calcutta . He wept bitterly and wrote a Gazal. I add some lines

Jaate Huve Kahte Ho, Qayaamat Ko Milenge
Kya Khoob ! Qayaamat Kaa Hai Goya Koyee Din Aur ?
Haan Aey  Falak-E-Peer, Javaan Thaaa Abhi  Aarif
Kyaa  Tera Bigadataa Jo Na Martaa Koyee Din Aur ?’….

( Ghalib )
While departing , you assure me to  meet on doomsday,
What a fine remark ! Is some other doomsday left now ?
O  Primeval  Sky  !   Arif was sill in his teens ,
What would have you lost , had he lived some days more ?

( Autar Mota 19.12.2013 )

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Tuesday, December 17, 2013







Qamar gond assi ta Kar parvvaz booziv…Ye radio sharda awaaz booziv …… (Tune in and listen how courageously we undertook the flight. Tune in to Radio Sharda and listen to our saga.. )


Kashmiris the world over listen to these poetic lines when they tune in to this FM station online. Radio Sharda is a ‘Community FM Radio’ located in Jammu city broadcasting in the Kashmiri language. Starting on 5th December 2011, Radio Sharda has played a major role in the preservation, propagation and protection of the Kashmiri language and culture after 1990. Licensed to Pir Panchaal, a civil society organisation, this radio station owes its existence to the hard work and passion of Ramesh Hangloo, its founder.

The zeal and sincere efforts of its founder Ramesh Hangloo made something unbelievable take shape. A postgraduate in Social Work, its founder director Ramesh Hangloo was fired by the desire to set up a Community Radio the day he visited England and saw how some immigrant groups keep their roots intact through this medium.  Ramesh Hangloo has this to say:- 


“.After the unfortunate mass displacement from the Kashmir valley, the Kashmiri Pandit community braved many odds and hostile conditions. Far away from our roots, we had to struggle for survival. Various groups within the community always felt a dire need of some organised effort with mass reach to protect our language, culture and traditions. And believe me, without preserving our language and traditions, we may end up this 5000-year-old civilisation in the next fifty years. Can we afford it? This question always haunted me day and night. I took up a great challenge upon myself to do something constructive on the ground. The result is ‘Radio Sharda 90.4 FM’. To give you the correct background, I may inform you that during a visit to the UK, I came across many Community Radio stations set up by the Asian diaspora for the preservation of their language and culture. I was impressed by the purpose and reach of these Community Radios. Back home, it so happened that I came across an advertisement from GOI inviting applications for such Community Radios from intending entities. And that set me in motion. 

Setting up an FM radio station was not an ordinary job in terms of devoting time and arranging technical expertise and finances. This passion makes you bring money even by disposing off some personal assets that people strive to create in a lifetime. Maybe only fools attempt such things. But this passion drove me to be one amongst that rare category. No one supported the idea initially. Even my close friends believed that my idea to materialise on the ground fell in the rarest of rare possibilities. But I am thankful to almighty that finally, this idea saw the light of the day.” 


It was a pleasant surprise that thrilled one and all when people in Jammu heard the first broadcast. Over 100 volunteers readily joined Ramesh Hangloo to work for the Radio. They provided their services free of cost. Later, with ever-increasing operating costs, the Radio proposed a very nominal amount for advertisements that were aired locally in Jammu. The radio started airing day-long quality Kashmiri music especially old Kashmiri songs and other programmes. It also aired special programmes of Kashmiri Naats on Fridays. Gradually regular interviews of writers, poets, painters, historians, health experts and artists from within the valley and outside were aired. Anyone who had something to say about the Kashmiri culture and language was invited. The programmes attracted listeners and became quite popular. Later, the programmes strictly focussed on the art, culture, heritage, history and music of Kashmir. Day in and day out, many prominent intellectuals, writers, poets, artists, historians, and social workers willingly came forward for recordings. The prominent visitors to the station included Dr K L Chowdhary, Neel Kashkari, Kailash Kher, Dr Kashi Nath Pandita, M Y Taing, Shad Ramzan, Vijay Bakaya ( IAS), Dr S N Ganju (UK), Prof R L Shant, Prof A N Sadhu, Prof BL Zutshi, Padam-Shri M L Kemu, Prof M l Kukiloo, Dr Archana Kokroo (President KOA), Mrs Kailash Mehra Sadhu and many more. Some programmes that were repeated many times on popular demand include features on poet Dina Nath Nadim, Sufi poet Samad Mir, musician Mohan Lal Aima, Painter G R Santosh, interview series of Dr K L Chowdhary, interview of historian Dr Kashi Nath Pandita, interview of singer Mrs Kailash Mehra Sadhu and interview of Kailash Kher 


Radio Sharda currently airs 16 hours of programmes with 24 hours of streaming on the website. Popular programmes currently aired include:-

(a)      Aradhana … Begins at 7 am. It is based on Kashmiri Bhajans, Leelas and devotional songs.

(b)     Vangij-vor… A programme that reminds us of Zoon Dub broadcast from Radio Kashmir. This programme highlights problems and issues current in the community.

(c)   Peind Ta Puran…A programme based on interviews with a cross-section of community members seeking their opinion on ways and means to protect culture and language and eradication of some social evils. 

(d)   Meiyan Kasheer … A Programme based on the propagation of Kashmir’s history, culture and heritage.

(e)    Aash Pagahitch … Children’s programme aimed essentially to make them familiar with Kashmiri language and culture.

(f)   Orzuv /Health Programme … This is aimed at educating listeners about common ailments and more specifically community specific ailments and methods to fight and prevent them. A prominent health specialist is brought in as a guest speaker for this programme.


Located at Lower Buta Nagar, TRT Migrant Camp, Jammu 181121 ( Tel…+91 191-2597806 ), this Radio station is available on FM Band 90.4 MHz in and around Jammu city. Outside Jammu, it is easily approachable online at ..


 The radio has created a listener base amongst the Kashmiri diaspora not only in Jammu but in various countries of the world. And during the winter season, Kashmiri Muslim families in Jammu city also tune in to this FM radio station for Kashmiri music and other interesting programmes. About his difficulties and some other issues, Ramesh Hangloo says this:-


“The station needs help and support to accomplish its desired objectives. I feel proud in saying that for the last some years, Radio Sharda has been successfully arranging collective Shivratri Pooja for the entire community. Time and again our dear listeners stationed within the country and outside in the US, Europe or Australia have desired to contact us during live programmes through what is known as a phone-in facility. This facility shall enable them to come close to their roots by way of instant two-way dialogue. We have many plans which can materialise only if our financial worries are over. I quote Ghalib’s couplet to substantiate my point:-

 “Tum ko bhi hum dikhaaayein ki majnoon ne kyaa kiyaa 

 Fursat kashakash e gham e pinhaan se gar milay .”..........( Ghalib )


( For you, I could also carry out the feats of Majnoon, 

  If I had the freedom from the pulls of this covert anguish) "


 ( Avtar Mota )


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Monday, December 16, 2013



                                          ( GHALIB HAVELI    BALLIMARAN ,  DELHI  )

Hum Koyee Tarq e wafa kartein Hain ?
Na sahi Ishq Museebat Hi Sahi ...
( Ghalib )

My english rendering would be like this ..

When have I disputed the importance of allegiance?
If not love,Then let the agony be …………………….



Apni Gali Mein mujhko na kar dafan baad-e-qatal,
Mere patay se khalaq ko kyon tera ghar mile?
( Ghalib )

My english rendering would be like this .

Kill me but bury me not in your own lane ,
Why should people locate you from my address ?

( Autar Mota 16.12.2013 )

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Dr JAYANT NARLIKAR ( born 1938)                                        

 Just finished reading  “ Black Holes”  , a booklet by Dr  Jayant Narlikar , India’s leading scientist in the field of cosmology and astrophysics . His language is simple and lucid. Even a layman can understand the strange phenomenon in the universe with regard to formation Black Holes and other esoteric objects . Dr Narlikar also writes scientific fiction ,short stories and appears to be having deep knowledge of Indian history , culture and literature . He prefers to write in Marathi,  his mother tongue .

                           ( Fred Hoyle)

( Dr Jayant Narlikar and Dr Mangla Narlikar)
              ( Narlikars at the Airport )

                 ( Narlikars at FTII Pune)

Besides scientific papers and books and popular science literature, Narlikar has written science fiction, novels, and short stories in English, Hindi, and Marathi . His articles , write ups and English translations of his   scientific fiction is a preferred reading for me . A man of amazing simplicity, Narlikar has not only understood the universe above him but also the man living underneath . It is a privilege to see him and  listen to his discourses on various complex issues of the universe and human beings.

Dr Jayant Vishnu Narlikar is from Kohlapur Maharashtra . His father, Prof Vishnu Vasudev Narlikar was the Head of the Department of Mathematics at Benaras Hindu University. Jayant Narlikar had his education in Varanasi. His mother was a graduate in Sanskrit . Having studied in BHU , he moved to Cambridge. At Cambridge , he was a brilliant student of renowned scientist Fred Hoyale who assisted him in his doctoral research. So much was Fred Hoyale impressed with the brilliance of his student that he decided to work with him to give a new Interpretation to Einstein’s Theory of Relativity . This new interpretation came to be known as HOYALE -NARLIKAR  THEORY . Fred Hoyle was arguably the most important astronomer of the last century after Albert Einstein.

Dr Jayant Narlikar's  work on Black Holes , gravitational force in cosmos , ergosphere ,White Holes and Cosmic Energy Problems gave him a pride place amongst scientists of the world . Narlikar is one of the few cosmologists in the world to disagree with the Big Bang theory, which states that the birth of the universe began with the rapid explosion of matter from a single point. 

About Fred Hoyle ,he says this:-

" Fred Hoyle did not accept any scientific idea until he was satisfied that experimentally or observationally it was proven. This meant he often had conflicts with bandwagon type supporters of some ideas, such as the big bang model which states that the universe started existing after a big explosion. I have tried to follow this independence of thinking."

About Hoyle Narlikar theory ,he  says this:-

"In the HN theory ,we have introduced the notion that inertia of matter arises because of the rest of the matter in the universe. Ernst Mach, a nineteenth-century German philosopher-scientist, had proposed such a notion without giving a mathematical formulation of the concept. Today it is known as Mach’s principle. We provided a mathematical structure to this idea. It led us to a gravity theory more comprehensive than Newtonian or Einsteinian ideas. We have a few new predictions which will require more detailed observations. We hope the large telescopes under consideration today will provide some relevant evidence.."

 In 1966, Fred Hoyle established Institute of Theoretical Astronomy in Cambridge, and Narlikar served as the founding staff member of the institute during 1966–72. In 1972, Narlikar took up Professorship at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) in Mumbai, India. At the TIFR, he was in charge of the Theoretical Astrophysics Group. In 1988, the Indian University Grants Commission set up the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA) in Pune, and Narlikar became the Founder-Director of IUCAA.

Dr Jayant Narlikar is married to well known mathematician ,Dr Mangla  Narlikar who also served at TIFR. They have three daughters; Geeta ,Girja and Leelawati. All the three daughter are in scientific field. While Geeta and Girja are in the US, Leelawati works in  a prestigious National institution as scientist.

While doing her PhD, Dr Mangala’s days would begin as early as 4 and she would study till late at night. She juggled classes, getting the children ready for school, cooking, looking after the needs of her in-laws and also teaching part-time at MU. It was an exhausting routine that left very little time for herself. But the whole chaotic experience taught her something — she was capable of a lot.

Dr Mangla Narlikar is known for her work on  Theory of Sieved Integers, Mean Square Value theorem of Hurwitz Zeta Functions and Hybrid Mean Value Theorem of L-Functions. She also wrote papers that broke down complicated Math language into simpler terms. She loves cooking  food ,loves music and reads  world literature.

In 1968, Cambridge University honoured  Dr Jayant Narlikar  by presenting him the Adam Award. Earlier, three Indian scientists had received this prestigious award: in 1944, Dr. Homi Bhabha; in 1948, Dr S Chandrashekhar; and in 1961, Dr awards and honorary doctorates. India's second-highest civilian honour, Padma Vibhushan, was awarded to him in 2004 for his research work. Prior to this, in 1965, he was conferred Padma Bhushan.

I am impressed by the diversity of Dr Jayant Narlikar's interests which include charity, poetry ,  philosophy, literature , classical music , performing  arts,Sanskrit language   and above all tearing apart the mysteries of this universe . He was elected as the president for the 94th Akhil Bharatiya Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, a prestigious annual Marathi literary meet held in Nashik from March 26-28 this year .

His endearing smile conveys compassion . So do his simple eating habits.

I conclude this post on Dr Jayant Narlikar with a Sanskrit Sloka from Brihadaranyaka Upnishad:-

“You are what your deep, driving desire is. As your desire is, so is your will. As your will is, so is your deed. As your deed is, so is your destiny.”

( Brihadaranyaka IV.4.5)

(Avtar Mota)

( Autar Mota 16.12.2013 )
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(A play from the early life of Mahatma Gandhi By K A Abbas and Pragji Dossa .
Pages 137 . Published first in 1977 by Orient Paperbacks New Delhi)

The Book comprises of a four Act play very well written jointly by two giants namely *K A Abbas ( 1914-1987 )and Gujrati playwright Pragji Dossa (1907-1997 ).

The scenes created and the dialogues written for these scenes are crisp and depict some historical events in south Africa that made young Gandhi a champion of Human Dignity and Liberty .Perhaps it was south Africa only where Gandhi ji began his fight against Oppression and discrimination.

The play begins with the journey of young Mohan Das karam Chand Gandhi to Durban where he gets his first brush with Racial discrimination when a custom officer calls him “ O You Blackie . “ Young Gandhi was actually thrown out of the first class Compartment of a train In south africa.

The playwrights have created some wonderful court scenes with Gandhi ji in focus. Some scenes have been created to show Gandhi ji’s meeting with Asians and poor negroes or his visit to Johannesburg slums and New Castles mines to meet poor workers. The reader also comes across some historical characters like General Smuts And General Botha in some scenes apart from the then leaders of Asian community in south Africa like Haji Habib, Pilai ,Naidoo , Kachhalia , Yusuf Ismail Miyan ,Mir Alam, Ratansay Sodha , Daud Mohd Parsi , Mr. Angalia ,Sorabjit Adjanta and so many names .
One also comes across some powerful Scenes showing Gandhi ji inside Natal prison .Scenes showing Gandhi ji’s public meeting in Mumbai with Tilak , Gokhale and Badar Ud Din Tyabji on dais have been superbly created .

.The scenes , the dialogues and the historical events depicted in this play create a Grand impact on the mind of the reader . And I am sure that the play shall be a grand success should some skilled theatre group try performing it on stage. This invaluable script written by two masters should not be allowed to go waste.

( Autar Mota 15.12.2013 )..

•           *K A Abbas was the great Grand son of well known urdu poet Altaf Hussain Hali . Hali was a student of Ghalib. Abbas was also connected with IPTA apart from being a successful film director, novelist, screenwriter, and a journalist in the Urdu, Hindi and English languages. He also wrote stories /script for some successful movies like Neecha Nagar , Jagte Raho,  Dr Kotnis ki Amar Kahaani ,Dharti Ke Lal, Awara, Saat Hindustani , Naya Sansar , Awaara, Shri 420, Mera Naam Joker, Bobby and Henna.
           *Pragji Jamanadas Dossa was a celebrated Gujrati author, journalist, playwright, film writer, TV writer; radio plays writer, musician, singer and also a sports-man. He is referred to as a bridge between new and old theatre .He also taught theatre and wrote history of Indian Theatre apart from editing some theatre Magazines .   

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