Saturday, May 18, 2024

BADSHAH QALANDHAR OF KASHMIR

                                             


Badshah Qalandhar . "Aao Bade Prem Se " 
(1917-1997)

He was a saintly person, affectionate and a Mastana . He was the trusted  disciple of Swami Hare Krishna of Benaras . Together with Swami Hare Krishna ,   Qalandhar Badshah  had undertaken many   pilgrimages within the country   . He also visited Nepal with Swami Ji.  Swami Hare Krishna  had a permanent Kutiya inside Sri Ram Chandra Ji Temple , Sathu Barbarshah. Swami Ji had many devotees in Kashmir more particularly from  Rainawari . Swami Ji attained Nirvana while performing Nav-Durga  Homa at Nagbal Anantnag in  October 1975. He was cremated in Srinagar .

Qalandhar Badshah   had built an Ashram in Paloura Jammu after 1990 where all were welcome irrespective of caste creed ,colour or religion .

" Aao bade Prem Se " 

He would welcome every person with this opening sentence that always brought a smile on his face. No Person was  allowed to  leave without food ." Khao bade Prem se " was another sentence that he would say smilingly when people sat to eat Prasada at his Ashram. My maternal uncle, Pandit Janki Nath Tikoo has taken me twice to his Paloura Ashram where I also had the Prasada and heard him say, " Koyi chinta nahin beanther( sister's son ) ,  khaao bade Prem se " . Every year in the month of May, his devotees perform a Homa and Satsang on his annual Nirvana Diwas .

Sadgati and Moksha to the pious soul...

( Avtar Mota )



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Monday, May 13, 2024

SOME SACRED MOUNTAIN PEAKS OF KASHMIR

                                   


( Photos..Top... The Gangbal Lake below Harmukh.. Below ..The twin peaks of Harmukh ) 


SOME SACRED MOUNTAIN  PEAKS OF KASHMIR 

Harmukh Peak above the Gangbal Lake has always been considered the abode of Shiva in Kashmir and a sacred mountain by Kashmiri Pandits . It is also known as 'Kailash of Kashmir'. According to the legend, the "Hurmukhuk Gosoni ", a hermit tried to reach the summit of Harmukh to see Shiva face to face. I quote from page 25 Volume I English translation of  the Nilmata Purana by erudite Sanskrit scholar Dr Ved Kumari Ghai:-

"Harmukuta or Harmunda is identified with Harmukh Peaks to the North of Kashmir . About 17000 feet in height , these peaks are surrounded by massive glaciers . The lake Uttarmanasa( Gangbal )  which is believed to be the source of Kashmiri Ganga , lies at the foot of the north- eastern glaciers of Harmukuta and the Tirthas of Nandikeshtra and Bhuteshwara are near it."

Kashmir 's tallest Sufi poet Shams Faqir says this :-

"Shams Faqir chhuya par tseun ye,
Chhuss na  dogun patah bronh kaanh,
Yee sar gom tee me vonuye ,
Harmokh su non ye draav "

( Shams Faqir is cut of from this world,
He has none as his companion.
None ahead of him and none behind ,
So whatever he feels, he conveys ,
" The lord is clearly visible at Harmukh Peak "

 It is believed that the Shiva Sutras were revealed to Rishi Vasugupta below the Mahadeva mountain  in the  Kashmir valley. Accordingly, Mahadev mountain is also considered sacred by Kashmiri Pandits . Mahadev is the highest peak of the Zabarwan range. Overlooking Srinagar city , it is  situated at an altitude of 13000 feet.

In Srinagar city, one finds two hills considered sacred to this day; the Gopadari known as Shankaracharya ( the abode of Shiva ) and the Hari Parbat ( the abode of Sharika goddess). The Bhadrakal hill in the Rajwar forest range near Handwara (Kashmir) has also been considered sacred since ancient times on account of the location of the Bhadrakali Temple. The temple finds mention in Kalhana’s  Rajatarangini and Aurel Stein visited the place and recorded the existence of a fresh water spring near the temple. Grdhrakuta and Indrakila, the two important mountain peaks of  Kashmir  that  find mentioned in the Nilamata Purana :-

“ By climbing Grdhrakuta and Indrakila, one gets the merit (the  gift ) of one thousand cows .”..( Sloka 1276-77 )

 The Nilamata Purana mentions that by a mere sight of Gauri-Shikhara (Gauri’s peak in West Kashmir  ), one obtains the calmness and serenity of the moon. It also says that going up to the source of the  Sindhu River in the Kashmir valley, one gets the merit of performing Rajasuya. The source of the Sindhu River lies in Machoi Glacier at an elevation of 4800 metres, East of Amarnath Cave to the South of Zojila Pass. The Nilamata Purana also mentions sacred Nandiparvata which can be identified with the glaciers feeding Nundkol or Kalodaka.  Bharatagiri mentioned in the Nilamata  Purana is the high ridge to the south-west of Harmukh or Harmukuta peak. The Nilamata Purana and the Rajatarangini also mention the sacred  Amreshwara  mountain  which is the snowy peaks of the Holy Amarnath cave. The sacred  Vaisravana  mountain mentioned in the Nilamata Purana and Rajatarangini is the Vastarvan mountain near Khrew in the Kashmir valley. The Nilamata Purana also mentions the sacred  Naubandhana peak below which lies the Kaundinyasara Lake ( Kounser-nag )  or the abode of Vishnu.

Tatakooti or Tatakuti Peak is another highest mountain in the Pirpanjal range located at an altitude of 15,560 feet  . During ancient periods, the mountain was associated with Lord Shiva . On account of difficult route, no regular Yatra was performed by Kashmiri Pandits . Dr Ernest Neve reached the summit of Tatakooti in 1901 .  It stands on the border of Budgam and Poonch districts of Jammu and Kashmir.This is still a virgin peak challenging adventurers with crystal clear water, the alpine lakes viz; Sukhsar, Neelsar, Bhagsar, Nandansar and  some more . .Being the highest peak in the Pir Panjal range , many elders say that before 1947, the peak could be seen even from Lahore on a clear day. Hindus would bow to it from distance considering it to be the abode of Lord Shiva.





( Avtar Mota )

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Sunday, May 5, 2024

ABNINDRANATH TAGORE ( 1871-1951 ) AND BENGAL SCHOOL OF ART.

                                      
    ( The Passing Away of Shahjahan ) 
 
                ( Late Night  Musicians )
                           ( Birth of Sri Krishna )
  
                                    (A portrait ) 
                               (A portrait )
                      ( Siva-Simantini.)
( A portrait)
                               ( Bharat Mata )



ABNINDRANATH TAGORE ( 1871-1951 )  AND BENGAL SCHOOL OF ART.

Abanindranath Tagore was an Indian artist and writer who lived from 1871 to 1951. Tagore was the first Indian artist to garner worldwide recognition and is often referred to as one of the  pioneers of modern  art in India .He founded the principles which formed the Bengal school of art.

Tagore was born in Calcutta to a wealthy and distinguished family. His uncle was the noted Indian poet, musician, artist, and Nobel Prize recipient, Rabindranath Tagore. Both his brother and grandfather were also artists. Tagore began his formal art education when he was just 11 years old at Sanskrit College. When he turned 20 in 1890, he left Sanskrit College to continue his education at the Calcutta School of Art.

In the early years of the century Abanindranath met the famous Japanese artist  Okakura. Okakura taught the Japanese style and forms to him.  In 1903 Yokoyama Taikan and Hishida Shunso visited Calcutta where they interacted with Abanindranath.Taikan taught Abanindranath how to wield the brush with a light touch and of the evocative powers of gestures. He also learnt the Japanese ink painting.  Tagore’s signature “wash technique” is the defining characteristic of the Bengal School approach. With this training, Abanindranath, the painter was established as the creator of a new national vocabulary in art and he helped to regenerate the decadent art and aesthetic scene in India. The Indian Society of Oriental Art was established to promote the Abanindranath-style on the national plane. It was his brush, which first gave convincing proof that the Indian artist had his own contribution to make to the world of painting.His most famous paintings like, The Passing of Shah Jahan, Bharat Mata, Radha Krishna, Birth of Sri Krishna ,Shiva Simtanini  and Omar Khayyam were legendary artworks that not only attracted an international audience but also helped Indians to appreciate their cultural heritage.His close students included Nandalal Bose, Samarendranath Gupta, Kshitindranath Majumdar, AR Chugtai , Surendranath Ganguly, Asit Kumar Haldar, Sarada Ukil, Kalipada Ghoshal , Manishi Dey, Mukul Dey, K. Venkatappa and Ranada Ukil. One can clearly see  Abanindranath's influence in works of Nand Lal Bose and Chugtai.

About his captivating Siva-Simantini,Prof. Rattan Parimoo , eminent artist ,art historian and art critic  says this :- 
"The eyes are half-closed, the upper eyelid is drooping just as in the contemplative faces of the Sarnath Buddha of the Gupta period [. The eyebrows are arched, the slightly pouting lips are pink .The entire face is oval, from the right hand contour of which emanates Uma's wavy hair. She is holding the Shaivite attribute of Naga in her right hand, who has her necklace in its mouth, an activity at which her downcast eyes are glancing. As a result, what could have been just a dead pan face, has been rendered quite lively. The white form over her forehead could be the moon,another Shaivite attribute. Havell had referred to this painting as Siva-Simantini (Siva and the Lady) complimenting Abanindranath for treating Hindu mythology with the imagination and fervor of the great Chola artists. " 

Abanindranath Tagore created Bharat Mata amid the fervor of the anti-colonial Swadeshi movement in Bengal, with an awareness that the image would be used to galvanize early support for anti-colonial resistance . The painting was  originally conceived by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay as “Banga Mata”. It depicts the nationalist icon of the stature of the Goddess, yet it is distinct from any known deity of the Hindu pantheon.Tagore’s Bharat Mata is important both for giving early visual form to this salient political icon and for the ideas the work proffered, on the whole, for the direction of modern art in South Asia. Rising anti-colonial sentiments in the late 19th century had produced a series of debates around the nature and origins of Indian aesthetics.

Abanindranath was with Gurudev Tagore when he visited Kashmir in 1915. Gurudev also helped his nephew Abanindranath Tagore to paint some views in Kashmir ,  especially the paintings depicting Ashoka sitting atop Shankaracharya hill and looking at Hariparbat, Shahjajan in Shalimar garden during night, Chashm e Shahi garden, Nishat garden, Nasim Bagh and some more.  With these paintings and the Balaka series of poems of Gurudev Tagore (written in Kashmir)  ,  Kashmir in different colour was showcased to the Bengali elite for the first time. 

( Avtar Mota )


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Wednesday, May 1, 2024

THE GREEN SOUR PLUM OR GORDOUL OF KASHMIR

                                             
                   
                                     


GORDOUL  OF KASHMIR OR THE GREEN SOUR PLUM.

I vividly remenber my sisters going to Zeethyaar  ( the ancient Zeashta Devi Temple )   in late spring  season   and bringing some  Gordouls with them . They would  pluck this stuff   from trees in the adjoining forest   .Mother would cook them with potatoes , leesa and other green vegetables . Mouthwatering   . Kashmiris used Gordoul as appetiser. 

Gordoul....Not Allu Bukhara as such but a hard and sour variety of it that was excellent for chutneys and cooked  with vegetables . Known as green sour plum, Gordoul entered  a phrase status in Kashmiri language ," Kahan painsan peyam Gordael paav" means to pay heavily for something which is otherwise free.

Packed with vitamin C, fibre, and antioxidants, green plums offer multiple benefits.In the US , I was told this :-

"Since it is high in potassium, it serves as one of the prophylactic means for the heart diseases. Green sour plums positively influence our nervous system. It has calming, relaxative effect.This fruit is not only good for health, but also for the skin and hair." 

I was also told that people from  Iran and Turkey put this fruit to many uses .Green sour plums are known by various names around the world—goje sabz in Iran, janerik or jarareng in Lebanon, erik in Turkey, mei in China, and ume in Japan.

( Avtar Mota )


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CHINAR SHADE by Autarmota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
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Tuesday, April 30, 2024

BANGLA DESH CLOTHES AND KASHMIR ( HUMOUR )

                                                                  

                         ( Photo by  Avtar Mota  …Kashmir 2013 )



BANGLA  DESH CLOTHES AND KASHMIR (   Humour )

“The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much; it is whether we provide enough for those who have too little.”   — (Franklin D Roosevelt)

Ghulam  Qadir used to sell fruits in Lal Chowk  but suddenly he shifted to more lucrative trade .  He started selling  old and used  woollen clothes known as" Bangla Desh " in Kashmir .He was not from the traditional Kabadi background but gained quick expertise in selling old  cardigans, coats , overcoats and jackets on the  footpath . Crazy people called it “Bangla Deshi Maal “ or " items from Bangla Desh ". Nothing came from a newly formed country known as Bangla Desh. Immediately after  the Bangla Desh liberation  war , used clothes arranged by the International  Red Cross through public donations from the European countries  and the US , were diverted to the footpath markets in the sub-continent by unscrupulous traders , middlemen and smugglers .These clothes were  worn by workers , students , teachers, employees,  housewives and any and everybody In Kashmir . It came as God’s gift for Kashmiris ; both Pandits and Muslims  .Manchester tweed replaced local Pattu  .Carton loads of foreign  used socks , caps , shirts , shoes , sandals , mufflers , jackets , coats , overcoats, parkas , trousers, cardigans , pullovers , body warmers  and ladies’  garments arrived   from Europe and the US in  Kashmir to the delight of the  poor and the elite . When cartons arrived, horse-cart owners, labourers and  general helpers got busy and earned  their livelihood.A crop of traders in these clothes suddenly flooded footpaths in Srinagar city. Their lingo, a mix of satire and humour, these traders  could  be heard crying  this :-

“ le ja le ja ...angrez ne Beja"

 “ hey sahib he lala ..pehno coat kaala ”

 “O  khan ! ..maal pehchaan”

 “idhar idhar.. nazar hai kidhar”

 "London se aaya.. Kashmir mein laaya"

 "looto looto.. sastay mein looto"

 "topi pent coat baniyaan ..iss ko boltaa kashmir ki shaan"

 " loot o loot...foreign ka boot"

 "do sau ka pehnegaa do naya kameez...bolegaa thank you bolegaa please"

 " idhar ka dress bombai ki jaan....idhar ko aataa  Sanjay khan "

( After 1990s Sanjay Khan was replaced by ‘Shahrukh Salman’ )

 "valo benyaa ( sister) valo baayaa( brother)....foreign ka maal Kashmir mein aayaa"

 

After the Bangla Desh liberation war, many Kashmiri intellectuals would arrive  at  ‘India Coffee House’  to discuss Marcel Proust or Frenz Kafka or  the  existential philosophy of Jean Paul Sartre or Albert  Camus or  the editorials of Times Of India / Indian Express / Hindustan Times  wearing ‘Bangla Desh‘ warm jackets , parkas , overcoats, topcoats etc. These clothes made discussions on art, poetry , philosophy , politics  and   Marxism  extremely enjoyable and thoughtful . Wearing donated and discarded apparel  from  the Western capitalist countries, it was thought  fashionable to ponder over the ‘benefits of Marxism  to the  society at large in India’ in the India Coffee House, Srinagar. A hot steaming cup of coffee added a Parisian aura and ambience to these discussions. Many Kashmiri intellectuals thought as if they were in Café de Flore , Paris , France's best-known postwar literary café  frequented by Picasso, Robert Desnos ,Marcel Carne, Camus ,Jean Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir and many more . Some Sahitya  Akademi-awarded writers also came to the India Coffee House in Kashmir wearing  ‘Bangla Desh’ coats ,jackets and overcoats .

Political leaders of all hues wore’ Bangla Desh ‘clothes. One could include men from right-wing ,left-wing, secular ,communal and socialist groups, trouble creators , peace lovers  , social workers  etc. Comrade Nazir  Bezabaan of the Communist Party   loved  his old  British Warm’ brand  overcoat purchased from Gaffar Kabadi for 40 rupees. Popular with  British soldiers and officers ,this long overcoat helped him in many ways . It kept his body warm ,enabled him to hide his apparel poverty underneath and also brought some Bolshevik aura to his personality . He would always button up his overcoat from the neck down to almost  his ankles. Comrade Bhushan Lal Nargis( who happened to be his  mentor and Guru ) would always tell him that he looked like Marshal  Bulganin as he spoke to his  comrades in any meeting . And one day as he raised his hand forcefully in a meeting, three buttons of his ‘Bangla Desh’ overcoat fell on the floor and exposed his torn and shabby clothes underneath. However, Bezabaan picked up the buttons from the floor and rushed to the toilet to do some  perestroika (restructuring ) ”  of the exposed inner garments . Having failed  in this exercise , he went to Ali Tailor keeping a message with comrade Bhushan Lal  Nargis to tell other comrades that  he was not keeping well and  was going home for rest .Comrade Bhushan Lal  Nargis had always advised him about  purchasing a cardigan and a shirt from Gaffar Kabadi for such occasions . Comrade  Nargis was also  fond of the ‘Bangla Desh ‘ clothes of Gaffar Kabadi. Wearing  a ‘Bangla Desh’  coat and white shirt with  ‘made in UK’  tag, he felt elated if his comrades told him that he looked like Vladimir Lenin .

Master Mohan Lal Wanchoo , nicknamed ‘ Mohan Jang-sangi ‘ by his Muslim neighbours for his  right-wing views,  remained a diehard opponent of the Congress party . However, in the heart of his hearts, he would always thank, ‘Sheikh Mujeeb, Indira Gandhi and  D P Dhar‘ for  the Bangla Desh liberation war . He would often say,“ Sheikh Mujeeb ,Indira Gandhi and  D P Dhar  have proved real well-wishers of Kashmiris “. He, his wife and children wore only ‘Bangla Desh’ clothes.  Mohammad Sultan   Dandroo nicknamed Sula Pakistaen by his Pandit neighbours for his pro-Jamaat-I- Islami beliefs, supported the Pakistani army during the Bangla Desh war yet he didn’t  mind when some Pandits started calling him Sula Bangla Desh the moment he wore  coats and jackets meant for Bangla desh war victims . Professor Ram Ji Kaul Shastri , the noted Sanskrit scholar  was also a lover of ‘Bangla Desh’ overcoats and cardigans. So was Molvi Moammad Irfan who had a special skill to dig choicest tweed overcoats from the ‘Bangla Desh’ heaps lying on cots . Noor Mohammad Kalwal had his dry-cleaning shop in Rainawari. He did roaring business in the autumn season when Pandits brought newly purchased  Bangla Desh stuff for the ensuing winter  to him . Ali Dhobi too remained busy washing ‘Bangla Desh’ shirts , T-shirts and ladies-wear. In Kashmir , one  Mohammad Subhan Dar earned the nickname of Subhan Charpai after he became the largest cot supplier to footpath traders of ‘Bangla Desh’ clothes . And one day while having  a deep puff at his Hookah,  Ali Tailor told his assistant ," These Farangis should start wearing Yezaar-Kameez  and pheran now  so that we receive next supply of these items  in ‘Bangla Desh’ cartons .I am fed up with this  re-stitching and  re-fitting of their trousers and coats for Kashmiri Pandits and Muslims of Rainawari .Let there be a supply of old   ready-to- wear pheran , Yezaar , Kameez and Shilwar  or what "Bobu Jis ( Kashmiri Pandits )"  say ready-made. Buy your size from the cot  and wear it .That is it.   How long should I re-stitch these trousers, coats and shirts of Farangis in this shop . Should that happen, I will also start trading in  ‘Bangla Desh’  cartons and supply the clothes  to colonies inside Dal Lake  like Nabir Monjigor. See, he has a scooter now . And look at me , I am busy opening stitches of Firangi clothes. " 

This stuff was also sought after  by the city’s elite.  A well-known doctor from Kashmir would ask the Bangla Desh trader  to bring a full  carton to his house so that  his family and relations could select clothes of their choice  . A search in pockets of these garments would sometimes throw up a surprise. My friend saw a dollar note in one coat pocket once. Many friends in the bank would pounce upon the popular ‘Bangla Desh‘ trading  shops when fresh cartons arrived . To us, Shiben Shoobhidaar would say, “Let them call this stuff as " Bangla Deshi Maal " and make fun of it  but I tell you nobody bothers when it comes to saving yourself from harsh winters. I can name 10 professors who wear Bangla  Desh” .Sometimes , a  poor man from  downtown Srinagar would look smarter than Dustin Hoffman  once he put on the old ‘Bangla Desh’  tweed  overcoat bought from the  inner market below Taj Hotel (Amirakadal) or Maisuma or Hazuri Bagh with a  ‘made in USA’ tag. One day, my friend who’s marriage had been fixed landed in an awkward position when he saw his would-be-father-in-law at the ‘Bangla Desh’ Kabadi shop in Amirakadal behind the Punjab National Bank building. Both had come to buy old clothes. My friend was fond of  used imported  trousers that he would get refitted at a nominal price from a specific  tailor .That day he also saw an almost fresh fur  jacket which he intended to purchase . However, the arrival of his would be father in law spoiled the game . I quote the conversation between my friend and his would-be-father-in-law at the shop.

“Gaasha Ji, are you fine? Is Papa Ji and Rani Bhabi fine? What brings you here?”

“Namaskar, I am fine. I just came here to open his bank account. We are now trying to bring these shopkeepers to our bank’s fold.”

“That is fine. I came here for some personal issue. Ghulam Nabi, the proprietor of this shop is known to me for a long. He wanted to buy something from the army canteen (CSD). I have to collect the list and the money. In  the FOD office at Badami Bagh, we have this liberal CSD facility. Anything you need, please do tell me. Don’t be shy. Liquor I can arrange if  you need and  XXX Rum for the cooks too. Come , let us have a plate of Kebab at Kailash Hotel. Come, I will be happy. Don't worry, he doesn't sell doubtful mutton. “

"Thank you, next time. I have to go back to the bank .My work is pending   .” And both left in different directions.

The next day my friend went to the ‘Bangla Desh’ Kabaadi shop to buy the jacket that he had seen. The shopkeeper told him that the Pandit Ji who had been talking to him the previous day, had returned  after one hour and bought the jacket without any bargain.

How could poor people in this subcontinent fight harsh winters if the  Americans or the Europeans  didn’t discard or donate  their old wooilen clothes ? And if there was no liberation war in Bangla Desh , what would have been the fate of millions in the subcontinent during harsh winters . Ali Mohammad, the diehard NC worker believed that   Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah had supported  the  liberation of Bangla Desh to see poor Kashmiris  didn’t suffer in freezing winters. According to him, Sheikh Sahib   wanted to give  ‘Izzat va Aabroo Ka Maqaam’ or ‘ a place of dignity and respect’ to  every Kashmiri once he was in a position to provide them with adequate warm  clothes to fight harsh and freezing winters. Ali Mohammad believed that Mirza Afzal Beg had put pressure on Parthasarthi to include" an uninterrupted supply of Bangla Desh clothes  to  Kabadis of Kashmir " clause in the Indira Shiekh Accord of 1975. According to him , Parthasarthi had replied that this ‘uninterrupted supply’ was already guaranteed by Article 370 as well as by  Article 35 A . As such, there was no need to incorporate a separate clause. At this, Mirza Afzal Beg  is reported to  have replied that if the supply of 'Bangla Desh ' clothes was disrupted by the Government Of India  for any reason whatsoever , NC leadership may consider  relooking at ILLHAAQ ( accession to the Indian Union) .Many elderly people  believe Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad always regretted  about wrong timing of the Bangla Desh liberation War . According to them, Bakshi Sahib always spoke privately that the liberation war of Bangla Desh should have taken place before the implementation of the Kamraj Plan. Had that happened , he would have gifted the choicest Bangla Desh overcoats to Pandit Ji, Shastri Ji , K Kamraj, Babu Jagjivan Ram, Morarji Desai, Biju Patnaik , S K Patil ,Partap Singh Kairon and other  leaders by organising “Jashn e  Bangla Desh Kabaad” in  Kashmir.In that event , Shastri Ji would not have borrowed an overcoat from Pandit Nehru  for his visit to Srinagar and Russia .

 Ramzan Baanta ,the Congress worker in our locality  privately  cursed the Americans and the Europeans for  not using Achkan , Kameez –Salwar and Bandh -gala coats . Baanta believed that Sadiq Sahib gave a statement from his hospital bed in PGI Chandigarh supporting the liberation of Bangla Desh purely for ensuring adequate winter clothing for poor Kashmiris : Pandits and Muslims . According to him , that  was his  method of bringing  secular e azam ( secularism)  and social e Azam ( socialism )  and fighting Firka--parast ( communal )  forces in Jammu And Kashmir .

 ( Avtar Mota )

PS

(This  work of fiction  is meant to entertain and bring smiles .The writer does not intend to misrepresent any person (living or dead ), group , association ,party or leader who  finds mention in this write –up as they had nothing to do   with the Bangla Desh clothes.)

 

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Monday, April 22, 2024

A BEAUTIFUL KASHMIRI SONG OF REHMAN RAHI..SHAFAK SHAFAK SHAM

                                           


Phol Shafak Shafak Shaam....A Kashmiri Song..

As explained by Bharata Muni in Natya-Shastra, Rasa is a concept in Indian arts denoting the aesthetic flavour of any visual, literary or musical work that evokes an emotion or feeling in the reader or the listener which cannot be described. In his erudite  commentary on Natya-Shatra, Acharya Abhinavgupta  says that Rasa is the core of good poetry, good music and good singing. The artist must deliver Rasa to  the listener.It gives  Anand Anubhuti( feeling of bliss )  to the listener.

 I feel something like that in this memorable composition of Bhajan  Sopori sung by Vijay Malla and  Kailash Mehra Sadhu  . Certainly this  poem  of Gyanpeeth awardee poet Rehman Rahi is  perfect  on   all parameters of Poetics apart from having its inherent music . 

The freshness of this musical  composition gives a feeling of Rasa( bliss  )  ,Dhwani( sound effects ) ,Alankara( ornamentation )  ,Riti( style)  and Auchitya ( proper placing ) as mentioned by Acharya Abhinavgupta  in his commentary on Bharata"s Natya-Shastra.

I will render some  lines of this song into English for those who don't understand Kashmiri .

"Phol ,shafak shafak shaam
Kalwaal pillav jaam 
Beyi aav me ilhaam
Kath Kath chhu banaan shaar
Anhaar kasund-taam 
tsetas pyom, tsetas pyom ..

Rug Rug  chhu vazaan saaz
Yendraaza hechh andaaz
Hoolya chha natchaan raaar 
Lankaayi hyotun naar
Guftaar kasund taam 
tsetas pyom tsetas pyom


Tsol roos kachein kroin
Hyochh baala kolluv shroin
Aafaq matan vaen
Devta ti gindhan zaar
raftaar kasund taam tsetas pyom tsetas pyom.." 


(Once more the evening  brightens
with red horizon ,
O saqi bring the wine glass,
I get an intuition,
How   good verses are born .
Some beautiful face  comes to mind,
,again and again.


Every nerve resonates in this music,
 Lord Indra ! Learn this style as well.
Has the  demoness Holika been put to bonfire? 
Or Ravana's  Lanka is  in flames?
In this scenario,
Someone's sweet communication 
Comes to my mind again and again 
 

Gone  is the gloom of the forest  gazelles,
The brooks and the mountains too 
picked up music,
Now many horizons will enter into clash
And gods up above 
shall also play  the dice game ,
In this scenario , someone's agility
comes to my mind again and again )

( Avtar Mota)


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CHINAR SHADE by Autarmota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
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JAMMU CULINARY VARIETIES..

                                                 

JAMMU  CULINARY  VARIETIES..

I have tasted below listed drinks,  Chutneys, pickles ,foods and other specialities of Jammu. You can add more...

(1) Kali Gajjar ( carrot )kanji
(2) Desi Chai ( with sugar and salt) 
(3) Zimmikand da Achaar (Pickle)
(4) Lassuade da Achaar ( Pickle) 
(5)Amlein  da Achaar ( gooseberry pickle) 
(6 ) Garghal da Achaar ( sweet lime Pickle)
(7) Muli di Chutney ( Radish chutney in tamarind)
(8) Auria ( curd , Mustard oil , pumpkin , Fenugreek seeds and mustard powder)
(9)Anaardaane  di chutney ( dry pomegranate)
(10)  Ambien da sasha ( Raw mangoes, pudina ,curd and onion) 
(11) Thothru  ( Refined wheet ,yeast, ghee, curd and mustard oil) 
(12) Suchian ( Loochi of kashmiri pandits )
(13) Maayein da Maadra ( Maash daal speciality with curd, dhania, dalcheeni , ginger and dry fruits)
(14) Guchhi Pulaav 
(15) Kalaadi 
(16) Kaddhu da Ambhal
(17) Sweet Rice ( Meetha Pat) 
 (18)Chocolate Barfi
(19) Pateesa
(21) Khatta Meat 
(22)  Murge da Achaar
(23) Rajmaah ( Bhaderwahi, Marwah or Poonchhi )
(24) Kachaalu
(25)  Katlame 
(26) Kharode 
(27) Malaai Baraf( icecream sold on leaves in summers by vendors) 
(28)  Pugha ( dry coconut, khoya, jaggery , sesame seeds, almonds and bajarbangh)
(29) Kasrod di sabzi 
(30) keyur ( maida ,ghee, salt  and zeera powder etc.)
(31) Timeu di Chattni 
(32) Sund Panjeeri ( dryfruits roasted in Desi ghee with sugar ,suji  and dry ginger)
(33) Makki da doda (corn flour roti )

My friend DK Dogra informs this:-


"Please add Kimb chaat, a favorite of ladies in winters. Kimb is a citrus fruit Citron/Citrus Medica. There is Madra which is a dessert made by boiling dry fruits in milk. The special sundh of Jammu is also a speciality a bit different from Panjeeri. Gulra and Sasrot are two special marriage recipes typical of Jammu." 



(Avtar Mota)
2




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CHINAR SHADE by Autarmota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
Based on a work at http:\\autarmota.blogspot.com\.