Tuesday, November 24, 2015




(Mobile Photo.. Autar Mota )

He is Tilak Raj Sharma fondly known as Pandit Ji.The man known to jammuites for about five decades for his delicious Desi Ghee ka Halwa..Remember his City Chowk Halwa Outlet.No dryfruits.No silver foils .Just sujji, sugar ,Desi Ghee and love.He serves you in the traditional Doona made from dry leaves.No plates or Cups.His customers include Traders, Professionals,Govt employees, students and tourists. Taste it once from his new Gole Pully ,Talab Tillo,Jammu outlet.

And remember to visit him before 8.30AM as it is all over by 9.00 AM everyday.

And to me , he said,

" My old customers still visit me from their New colonies.Some Jain families from Jain Nagar ,Talab Tillo ,Jammu , forced me to restart this venture that I had left in 2009.No person shall carry forward this legacy as my children are busy with their jobs.In city chowk , during winter season , my customers included Darbaar move employees.

 Autar Ji , i am not a businessman. I just serve my patrons selling pure Desi Ghee Halwa at Rs 120/_ per Kg.This is my pooja and Araadhana to my lord.Otherwise god has been kind to me and provided me enough for two time meals .Yes he should keep me healthy to serve everyone with love.Serving people makes me happy and satisfied."

And in Talab Tillo area of Jammu City , his latest customers  include the Gentle ladakhi students who study in various colleges of the city.I asked a  gGirl student from Leh ( Ladakh )  as to what is so special about his Halwa and she said,

"Pandit Ji is like a father .so humble ,so god fearing and so polite. His morning smile makes our day .And then he is selling it very cheap. I think he makes it on no profit basis.He uses purest Desi Ghee .I like the semi burnt portion that sticks to the Pan .He says Treid in his  dogri language.Two kashmiri breads for rupees six  , 100 gms of Halwa and a cup of tea makes good breakfast for we students .
Unfortunately he finishes all by 8.30 or 9.00.So we have to get up early when we want to have it.And in a way that is also good for our Health "

(Autar Mota )

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Friday, November 20, 2015




(Photo Autar Mota )

To this photo , I add Part 1 of My Kashmiri Poem “ Barmandhinein Gayee Maagitch *Maavus “ or ” The Noon Time turned to a  Dark and cold night Of *Maagha Month “. The poem is in two parts . Both Parts of this poem along with English rendering shall now appear on my  BLOG as many Non kashmiri friends wanted English rendering of the poem . 

Part 1 of this poem is dedicated to the victims of Terrorism in the world.

Part 1

(Barmandhinein Gayee Maagitch Maavus )

Vaa’na Peinjunn Pyaath gayee Kanna Sheish Hish,

Kaemm Taam Po’r Subhukk Akhbaar..

Burra Pyaath Neuukh Astaaniekk Naba Meer
Dopahuss Tchhandaan chhuyee sardaar ..
Latchhi Kujji Yelli Pyaav Mukhbir Naav 
Bonn Gaamus Munz Gayee Tchal Laar ..
Daareinn Gayee Burr Larrie gayee khaali
Yelli Hairruv Kienn Kho’t shaahmaar ..
Voagg Kienn Voathh Chogga Laagiethh Raah-tcho’kk 
Tarfaatun Guvv Chhakraan Naar ..
Zebuss Tcho’l Mahaaraza pottur Hyathh
Vienni Tuss Tchhaandaan Abli Dar..
Sri Kanthuss Haett Gund Dinna Baaput 
Ka’lla pyaath Neuoon Tamiessi Dastaar..
Shaaluv Raaett Chhirr Kuth Vattie vattie Pyath
Gunnie Gunnie Tchopukh Myooth Shikaar..
Burr Maendhineun gayee Maagitch Maavuss
Thhossi Thhossi Pyaav sheen Ryathh Ouss Haar..
Kaetti Roodh Noa’tt Saarang Tumbaknaar
Huemm Zoa’l Saantoor Yeimm Seytaar..
Buss Buss Tche Ti Aayii Aeish Dhaar 
Ammie Pataa Chhunna Vananuss Meiti Vaar…..

( Autar Mota )
My simple English rendering would be as under …..

(The Noon Time turned to a  Dark and cold night Of *Maagha Month )

A Hush Hush Talk erupted on Bazaar shops 

When some one read the morning Newspaper …

To *Naba Mir , They said “ * The Commander Desires to see You”
And picked him up from Outside the Shrine’s door .
And When *Lachha- Kujj was named as Police informer ,
Residents in Bongaam village started running for life ..
The Windows turned exit doors ,
houses started getting emptied 
When the Serpents used staircases to go up the dwellings .
Draped in Robes, the Devil
Leapt inside through the rooftop window
and put all directions on fire .
He Dragged *Zeba’s grown up son to some undisclosed destination, 
And look How poor *Abli Dar still looks out for him.
To strangle *Sri Kanth by neck ,
He Used the *Headgear of Sri Kanth only.
On every path ,The wolves preyed upon innocent lambs 
And devoured their flesh piece after piece .
The Noon time turned 
Like the Dark and cold Night of *“Maagha”.
And in the Summer month of *“ Haara “,
unendingly fell the snow from the skies .
Useless turned the* Saarangi , *Tumbhaknaar and the* Matkaa,
And to flames were put , the *Santoor and the *Sitar . 
Oh! These tears in your eyes ! Let me wind up the story ,
Yes , Beyond this, I too am not comfortable with this story telling.

( Autar Mota )
(To be continued in Part 2.)


(The poem presents  scenario of the dark days that kashmir went through in early nineties of the last century on account of Armed militancy. Every Kashmiri saw the Naked Dance of Death and Destruction , loss of centuries old shared culture and the painful migration of Pandits to the plains of the country. In an environment of suspicion , Silence became the only communication in kashmir . In this poem , I have used some names which I need to clarify to the reader .

In Kashmir Ghulam Nabi Mir is also fondly known as *Naba Meer. Word *Commander means the Leader of the Gang of killers or Terrorists . *Lachha- kujj used to be the popular name of an elderly kashmiri Pandit woman . *Zeba is a common name of a Muslim woman while *Sri kanth used to be the name of elderly kashmiri Pandit Male . In Kashmir, Abdul or Abdullah is also fondly known as Abli and Dar is popular caste .*Dastaar or Headgear used to be a symbol of respect in kashmirian society. *Maagha is the wintry month of Bikrami calender that corresponds to a period of Mid January to Mid February .Similarly * Haara or Haar or Harh is the peak summer month of the Bikrami calender and corresponds to a period of Mid June to Mid July. *Tumbhaknaar, *Matkaa ( Noa’tt), *Sitar and *Santoor are some Musical instruments used in kashmir . kashmiri word *Maavus means Amavasya .)

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Wednesday, November 18, 2015





To this photograph I am adding a Mini kashmiri poem “ VUNAL” by well known kashmiri poet  Dina Nath Naadim . I have done simple English rendering of  the lines  for those friends who do not understand kashmiri

 or FOG

Leisurely, it moved along the river bank ,
  As if measuring its journey path,
  It traveled  up  the hill ,
Engulfing everything in its spread ,
It kept moving  unhurriedly  ,
Like the sorrows of this world,
Draping every object
In its  White Muslin  Sheath ….

( Autar Mota )

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Tuesday, November 17, 2015


“Raat bhar gaanv dil ka sulagataa rahaa
Zindagi Aasaron mein sisakti rahi.
Chaand baithaa munderon pe galtaa rahaa
Chaandini chhaparon se tapakti rahi.....
Ek viyogan ne kuttiya ki dehleez par
Pass tulsi ke jaltaa diyaa rakh diya,
Koyee Chanchal hawaa Aa ke gul kar gayi,
Bujhtay bujhtay bhi baati mehakti rahi”

(Bekal Utsaahi)

BEKAL UTSAAHI (Born 1928 )

He is Mohd shafi Khan ( Born 1928 ) from Balraampur ( U P ) . Once, during a visit to a Ziarat , his Murshid named him Bekal. And after listening to his poetry , Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru Called him Utsaahi Kavi. This is how Mohd Shafi Khan became Bekal Utsaahi. He is a poet of GAZAL and NAZM . National Integration , Ganga Jamuna culture and Nationalism are also his subjects . He also writes Geets in fantastic Bhojpuri mixed with Awadhi.

Well kown Hindi Poet Harivansh Rai Bachan ( Father of Amitabh Bachan ) was an  admirer of   Awadhi / Bhojpuri Geets  composed by Bekal Utsaahi .

 Utsaahi  was a parliament member ( Rajya sabha ) and has been awarded PadamShri .He  makes liberal use of Hindi words in his Gazals and Nazms.I would request my readers to read the sample of his Geet that I have posted at SNO 7 together with some couplets from his Gazals . Bekal has Beautifully conveyed the effect of intense hot Summer and a wait for Rains or Monsoon in this Geet titled 'Kab Barsegaa Paani'.

Pehley tum waqt ke maathe ki lakeeron se milo
jao footpath ke bikhre hue heeron se milo
ishrat-e-husn mein masroof to rehtay ho magar
waqt mil jaaye to ham jaise faqeeron se milo”
“ Tera dam hai to bahaaron ko sukoon hai Bekal
fir tere baad kahaan baagh bageeche honge."
"Dharam mera Islam he, Bharat janam sthaan,
Wazu karoon Ajmer mein, Kaashi mein Ashnaan"
"Aaj jo lamha mile pyaar ki baatein kar lo,
waqt be-rehem he, kal tera na mera hoga"
(5) 'Teri dharti ko jhuk jhuk ke choome gagan
    Zindabad aeY watan, Zindabad ae watan'
'Jis ki shaakhaaon pe Radhaayein naachati hongi
Dekhna Krishna ussi peid ke  neeche honge'
Khet ka mukhdaa Badraa taakay
Roop dulhan ka achraa taakay
Saanjh ki chhaiyaan takkay savera
Gaanv takkay veerani..
Ram jaane re……. kab baresegaa paani

Saawan bhaadon sadhu ho gaye
Baadal sab sanyaasi
Pachhuvaa choos gayyi purvaa ko
Dharti reh gayyi pyaasi
Faslon ne bairaag le liyaa
Jogiyaa ho gayi dhaani
Ram Jaane re ..kab barsegaa paani.

Tal talyeiya Maati chaate
Nadiyaa reit chabaaye
Kuvein mein makdi jaala taane
Nahrein cheel udaayein
*Ubhahan se Gagri roothi hai
Panghat se Bahuraani
Ram Jaane re … Kab barsegaa paani..

Chhappar paar dopehariyaa baithi
Dhoop tangii aanganaayi
Dwaar ka bargadh thoonth ho gayaa
Ujarr Gayi Amaraayi
Chaupaalon se khalihaanon tak
Suraj ki manmaani
Ram jaane re....Kab barsegaa paani..

Adds AdarshAzad Arora  son of well known Urdu poet and csholar Prof. Jagan Nath Azad ,

“The last times I met him were during his younger days and my boyhood. He was close to our family. I would address him as uncle. His ghazal in the Republic Day mushaira was a hit,
"Teri parchayeen se tamir karun taj mahal,
aa tujhe geet ka andaz e tarannum de dun,
Aey meri jane ghazal...."
Another was,
"Amar jawan sipahiyo, watan tumhare sath hai...."
A line in it went, "Dulhan tumhare sath hai..."
When Bekal sahib came home, my mother told him, much to his happiness, that my little sister always asked, "Dulhan tumhare sath hai wale uncle kab Aayen ge".

For his contribution to National Integration ,Bekal Utsaahi has been awarded this year’s Yash Bharti award that carries a cash prize of 11 lakhs .

 ( Autar Mota )


*( The rope that is used to draw water from a well in villages is called Ubhahan in Awadhi and Bhojpuri . Very common word in Eastern UP),
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Dr Kum Kum Dhar from Lucknow.

She dances like an angel.Fantastic footwork and timings ..Saw her Kathak dance video.She Dances with energy and elegance.

She is Dr Kum Kum Dhar, professor and currently Vice Chancellor Bhatkhande University of Music ( under UGC) Lucknow .A well known exponent of Lucknow style of Kathak dance in India , Prof Dhar has been awarded Yash Bharati Award this year for her contribution towards promotion of Kathak in the country.The award carries a cash prize of 11lakhs.

Along with her troupe , she has performed in all major cities of the world . Dr Dhar has been trained by renowned Kathak Maestro Lachhu Maharaj(1907-1978).And Lachhu Maharaj is the person who choreographed the immortal dance "THAADE RAHIYO " for Meena Kumari in Pakeeza in pure lucknavi style Kathak . He also choreographed the dance sequence for the song " MOHE PANGHAT PE NAND LAL CHHEID GAYO RE " for Mughal e Azam,

And Kathak Maestro Birju Maharaj is a nephew of Pandit Lachhu Maharaj .

Dr Dhar belongs to a well known Kashmiri family from Lucknow .Her father Sh T N Dhar had been a senior Civil Services bureaucrat in UP and she is the proud grand daughter ( Maternal side ) of well known Kashmiri poet Master Zinda Kaul fondly known as Master Ji. Her sister , Jaya Kitchlu who is now settled in CANADA , served All India Radio. Jaya is a well known singer .

Dr Kum Kum Dhar lives in Lucknow and is actively engaged in training students in Kathak .

(Autar Mota )

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Friday, November 13, 2015




Rice has given comfort and trouble to kashmiris . If we look back just 100 years , we find that entire activity in Kashmir , revolved around cultivation , Harvesting , storing, Husking , buying , selling and finally consumption of rice. Rice crop was the major source of revenue for the state . Failure of this crop had disastrous effect not only on poor farmers but also on the population in general and revenues of the State in particular. Many kashmiris have migrated out from valley on account of rice crop failure . For kashmiris, Rice used to be the only staple food for many centuries . Generally , kashmiris ( who could afford ) , consumed white rice ( rich in starch ) grown locally and known as “Koshur Tomull “ as distinguished from the rice supplied by Government run stores known as “ Punjaaeib Tomul “ . The rice supplied by Government stores kept kashmiris engaged and busy . Quite often they would keep enquiring ..

“ Kyaa sa Gaatus trovukhaa tomull ?”
“ Have the Government rice supplies arrived for consumers ?”

I vividly remember how cooked rice helped a troubled husband (who also happened to be a mother's son ) find a way out from the Mother in law daughter in law wars of attrition in the joint families Known in kashmiri language “Haaeshi Noeshi Nyaay “.

The helpless man trapped in this feud would sometimes throw away his cooked rice plate ( Thhaal for kashmiri Pandits ) or bowl ( Toor for a kashmiri Muslim) , which he was about to eat .It went like a flying saucer and the man would leave hungry from the house silencing the warring parties( His mother and wife ) momentarily.

On festivities , Kashmiris cook and distribute Tahar ( rice cooked with a a little turmeric powder and finally mixed with heated edible oil and a pinch of salt. Kashmiri Halwai shopkeepers  use rice flour for making Nadder Monjji and Monjji Gooel.

Kashmiri Pandits in particular use rice flour (powdered Rice ) for making a Dosa ( South Indian ) Type Chapaati ( thin and crisp ), known as Tchheir Tcho’tt. White rice powder is also used by kashmiri Pandits in Almost all religious ceremonies and rituals like Birth of a child, Mekhla , Grih Pravesh , Marriage , Birth Day Pooja ,Shivratri Pooja , Making of a Vyoog ( Rangoli ) and almost all rituals connected with Death.

A plateful or a bowl of cooked rice was treated as luck. I quote popular kashmiri phrases.. 

"Hataa Ma dhi sheeirmitiss Ba'taaah Thhaa'llus Dhakaa"

"Don't be foolish and throw away the plateful of cooked rice put before you "

" Tche Aaiy ta Bataah"

" May you live long and have food ( cooked rice )to eat."

Not many of us know that till recent past , a special medicinal drink was also fermented in kashmiri households from rice water . Known as KAA’NZ, it was consumed as All Cure Drink. Our Younger Generation does not know what KAA'NZ was. From our elders, i have learnt its popularity and its preparation technique in kashmiri Households . 
Our women had developed a skill in preparing KAA'NZ. A somewhat fermentation process was involved in making of KAA'NZ . It was prepared in earthen pots/ Pitchers . Even Potters would bake special earthen Pots/ Pitchers for KAA'NZ which would be sold aS kaa'nz Noa'tt. In our household , Rice was washed thoroughly and the all this water was collected in a Kaaenz Noa'tt or earthen Pitcher . Once the pitcher was full, a small quantity of Jaavendha ( Ajwain ),Muth ( Pulse grown locally ), saunf seeds , Kala Zeera and Pudeena Powder etc. would be added to it . It was then sealed and kept untouched for exactly forty days on rooftops under sunshine for proper fermentation. Once fermented properly , it was consumed with food . For consumption , fermented KAA'NZ was boiled every time .
Many Vitamins, especially from the B Complex series, present in the dust of rice shell would be retained in this mixture . It was quite safe as neither chemical fertilizers were used for growing Paddy nor was rice husked ,shelled and polished in Modern Machines . Paddy was husked and Shelled in homes by our womenfolk using stone mortal and a large wooden pestle known as ' KUNZ' AND 'MUHUL’ respectively. A stone mortal (KUNZ ) was always visible in every house just in the courtyard while Paddy and rice were stored in Big Earthen Pitchers ( approximately 6 feet in height ) called Maa'ett.

KAA'NZ was taken as a medicine. Many Hakeems ( Unani Medicine Practitioners ) in srinagar recomended KAA'NZ as a general tonic to their patients . Although KAA'NZ  had bitter acidic taste  , it had a pleasant smell .Some trained practitioners of Allopathic system of medicine also recommended it as a Tonic rich in B complex Vitamins . In a kashmiri family , it was the traditional and age old treatment against Jaundice ( Kaambal ).In small quantity, Kaa'nz was also added to some cooked vegetables or fish the way we add Tamarind paste currently.

The practice of consuming fermented rice water is also prevalent in many countries of south East Asia and China . Chinese believe it to be good medicine for falling hair , premature Graying of hair and Heart ailments .

I am informed by some elderly relations that whenever someone complained of pain in legs or joints , a common suggestion would come from all quarters , 

" Diss  kaa'nz Gilaasaa "
" Give him a Glass of fermented rice water "

Even before the arrival of Machine husked polished rice , kashmiris had started identifying KAAN'Z with poverty and backwardness . As society got exposed to Modern living, Its consumption was dispensed with . 

( Autar Mota )

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Wednesday, November 11, 2015






In my previous post , i have already explained the significance  of a VYOOG or RANGOLI in a  kashmiri  Pandit marriage ceremony  . The oldest   tradition  of   dancing around the marriage  VYOOG or RANGOLI   continues to remain with kashmiri Pandits till date   . Known as VEEGIS NATCHUN ,  this is  done by ladies in the house and is  typical to Kashmiri culture. When the bride groom leaves to the Bride's house for LAGAN , He is made to stand ( facing east ) on the  colorfully decorated  VYOOG ( RANGOLI )  while an elderly  woman relative brings a plateful of  burning lamps made from  powdered rice flour .  This particular lamp is known as RATTAN -TCHO'NG in kashmiri  The plate also has a piece of  Naabad or Candy ( Now Barfi ) and a glass of water .
                                              ( Oil Lamps ( Diya ) made from Rice Powder )

 After taking the plate around the head of the bridegromn, she throws away the water from the glass and offers the piece of Candy to the Groom.This ritual  is meant to  invoke  blessings of Surya ( Sun God ) and ward off evil eyes   as the bridegroom  leaves for   the bride's house . In olden days , a  pair of pigeons was  held in hand and  moved over the bridegroom’s head and then suddenly  set free  seeking blessings from skies above  . Coins are also thrown over the  bridegroom as he left for the bride’s house .

The moment the bridegroom  leaves  for Bride’s house  , his Mother , Aunts ,  Sisters  and other ladies in the house dance around the VYOOG  OR RANGOLI  singing verses depicting their love for the boy and wishing him happiness and Bliss .  One lady  stands in the centre of  the VYOOG or RANGOLI  while  the rest dance around  singing and showering flower petals  over her .  All  these dancing women or girls  take their turns  to stand in the centre of  the VYOOG or RANGOLI  while the rest keep dancing , singing and showering flower Petals .   This dancing is accompanied by  *VANVUN  but with little  a faster tempo.They also Congratulate and Bless each other while they sing and dance  . The women also express their love for parental home , Parents , brothers , sisters  and how they miss all that unmarried life  .

 Through these songs , women also express  their attachment to Dejhurr ( a symbol of Suhaag for a  married girl )  and Sona Daav ( Mangal Sutra ).  So intense, moving  and emotional are the VEEGIS NATCHUN  songs  that these bring tears in many eyes . .

I quote some lines from this particular  VANVUN  singing with  simple English rendering    ..

 “Chhattrus Tchaanis Sonna sundh Zoluyi
Yendhraazun Yeni-voluaaai Draav “

“With golden threads  hanging  
 Over the Decorated  cover ( Umbrella )  over his  head  ,
Here  moves  Lord Indra’s Baraat “

“Sona daav Gandeim  ta dil hai go’m taaza
Bronth Bronth Draamai Saa’ba maharaazai”

“ Today I put the golden thread  around my neck
And my heart feels fresh .
Look ! Here departs my darling son to get his bride .”

“Haae’r Draayi Naatchiney Saae’r  Soa’nna  Seinziye
Haae’ri Gatchheim Dejhurr Sueti Sonna sundiye ..”

“Wearing   Golden jewellery ,
This Mynah like girl is out to dance.
Now she needs a Dejhurr ,
But surely made from shining Gold”

" Me chhum Bubb Laalein sathha
Rathh Ha Vandaai Maaleinyo"

" For me , you are the treasured   possession  Dear Father ,
O parental Home ! Here i bleed for you "

"Korrein Rozun Reithhaa Patchhaa
Baayi Myaanyo  Laggayo
Koothis  Tchaniss Karrun  Gatchha
Baayi Myaanyo  Laggyo"

" How Long ? A Month or a fortnight ,
We girls have  not to  stay   more at  parental home ..
My darling  Brother ! This life for you .
We are here  to decorate your room tastefully ,
My darling  Brother ! This life for you .”

 Kashmiri Pandit Ladies also dance around the VYOOG or RANGOLI  in a similar manner once a   Yageopavit or Sacred Thread  ceremony  is over and the  Boy ( Mekhala  Maharaaza )  departs  to the Temple along with the family  priest .This age old  Tradition of VEEGIS NATCHUN    has been carried down to the  present day from VEDIC PERIOD.   

The VANVUN  singing performed in kashmiri marriages has its firm   roots and origin  in SAMA VEDA . During   Vedic age  , people devotedly  chanted verses from SAMA VEDA to perform   religious rituals and cermonies  so as to invoke the  blessings from  Agni, Indra  and Soma .

According to  Prof. P N Pushp ( Sanskrit Scholar ) ,

“  The conventional rendering of HENZEY  ( VANVUN ) in kashmir is a reminiscent of the SAMA VEDIC legacy which seems to have lingered on in the valley as an interplay of traditional tones   accented ,unaccented and circumflex. Exactly in high pitch , low pitch and a pitch peculiar to SAMA recitation. Obviously , the old SAMA chant underwent  a series of transformations during its transmission at  the folk level  and reached us as an echo of the ancient convention trans-shaped  by various pressures of innovation in tune with the changing times . The echo thus preserved in the HENZE has become a vital link of the flexible present with stratified past ."

Here I need to add that kashmiri Pandits would start  VANUVUN chants  with SHOKLAM or SUKLAM derived from the the popular Sanskrit Sloka “ Suklam Bhardaram Devam… “ . This sloka is chanted by Hindus for Bliss and happiness and known as Mangal Sloka  . So the kashmiri pandit  Vanvun traditionally begins with HENZE ( Meaning  come ladies assemble or  Dear ladies chant . It is addressed to a group ) followed by the common  verse” Shoklam  karithh Heyatov Vanuvunaye ….” followed by verses meant to be chanted for various ceremonies and occassions   .

 Henze……..Shoklam  karithh Heyatov Vanuvunaye
Shub Phal Deut maejji bhawani ye

( Listen  You ladies .. Begin with word Suklam
  And  start  Chanting of the  VANAVUN  Verses .
Mother Bhawani has granted a  boon to us )

With the arrival of Islam in kashmir , vanvun also underwent some changes to suit the socio- religious aspirations of the   section of the kashmirin society that had adopted the New faith.  Muslims discovered BISMILLAH as a suitable term and comparable for word  SHOKLAM or SUKLAM . The  Ceremonial  VANVUN also   underwent religious colouring  on account of different rituals and religious ceremonies of native Hindu and Muslim population.Inspite of  these changes ,  the context and emotions  in the verses (   Especially chanted during marriage ceremonies )   remained almost common .    This ensured   a collective participation of Hindus and Muslims   in Marriage Vanvun . Muslim women   started   their  ceremonial VANVUN  chants  with word BISMILLAH followed by the common  verse equivalent in meaning to “Shoklam  karithh Heyatov Vanuvunaye ..Shub Phal Deut maejji bhawani ye “ followed by verses meant to be chanted for various ceremonies and occassions   . This is how the common opening verse finally turned up in Muslim  Vanvun Chants …

“Bismillah karithh Hemav Vanuvunaye
Saahiban Anjaam Onuyae .”

“Saying   Bismillah ,  Let us begin   the vanvun Chants ,
Our Lord has finally brought this day for us  .”

( Autar Mota )

*VANVUN is an  oral literature accumulated over centuries in kashmir and comprises of songs that have mass appeal. These songs are sung by women during festivities and marriages  across the religious divide .  We find ladies (  Both Hindu and Muslim )  singing these songs in marriage rituals  , circumcision of the male child  in Muslim Families and Yageopavit  ( Sacred Thread ) ceremony in Pandit families  . This singing lends grace and  a Holy Aura to the ceremony .In kashmir, Vanvun has survived as a part of  Folk  Literature  essentially  preserved and protected by women through a simple oral tradition.

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