Saturday, December 22, 2012



           (Page from Jonaraja's Rajtaringini)  

      Martand Teertha ( Mattan Kashmir ) of Kashmir and visit of Emperor Akbar
Photo Autar Mota.

'' Emperor Akbar visited kashmir three times . Once he brought his finance minister Raja Todar Mal  with him  who camped at village Pattan and measured the whole land to settle the revenue."
From    "Kashmir Through Ages "by Gwasha Lal Kaul.
Ain e Akbari also confirms that Emperor Akbar visited kashmir three times via Pir Panchal .

Rajtarangani of Jonaraja confirms Emperor Akbar ‘s vist to Mattan town as under:-

“ He came from the city of Lahora in order to see the country . On fifth bright lunar day of Ashaadha he arrived with his army in the capital of kashmira .On the seventh bright lunar day of that month he pleased the Brahmans boys with gifts of gold and they blessed him. He then went to Marttanda ( Mattan Teertha ) and gave cows adorned with pearls and gold to Brahmanas . jaylalldina ( jalal Ud din Akbar ) was a great benefactor of Brahmins . Truly a Vikramaditya .Ramdasa his servent gave one hundred pieces of silver and also pieces of gold to every house of Brahman. He also distributed fifty thousand pieces of silver among poor Brahmans. The emperor then ordered shikhaphaija to take one thousand pieces of silver and distribute it among Brahmans and beggars who dwelt in villages and woods respectively. .”

. I need to clarify as under ….

 I need to add that The picture in the post is of Mattan Naag or Martand spring . This is an ancient  Teertha for Hindus especially for performing Shradaa (Homage to dead parents or grand parents ). This particular place finds mention in NEELMAT  PURANA  .

Jonaraja entrusted the manuscript of his Rajtarangini to his trusted pupil Srivara who updated it upto 1486 AD . It was further entrusted to Prajyabhatta and shuka who completed the book upto Akbar’s visit to Kashmir . This entire manuscript was in one book which was finally translated to English from Sanskrit by A Bengali scholar Jogesh Chandra Dutt and published in 1879 AD by Royal Asiatic Society of Bengal and sold as ‘ RAJTARANGINI OF JONARAJA ‘ by Jogesh Chandra Dutt . what I have written is from pages pages 416 to 427 of this book..

 ( Autar Mota )



At the spot where Gurdwara has come up in Mattan Town, Guru Nanak Dev ji has addressed a large gathering of Brahmans under the shady chinars . He also had a discourse with Brahm Dass ji at Mattan.Brahm Das ji belonged  to Datt  family of Mattan.Later, Kripa Ram Datt from  this family headed a delegation of 500 Kashmiri Brahmans to Amritsar and thence to Anandpur to meet Guru Teg Bahadur ji during dark days of  Afghan rule in Kashmir.....

There are two temples in Mattan. One the spring temple in the town where Shraadha is performed .The spring water here gushes out and comes to a bigger pond with fish. No Kashmiri  would eat fish from this  sacred  pond. People from north India would perform Shraadha at this spring.Like Haridwar ,Varanasi and Nasik, the local Purohits maintained a Bahi  or RECORD of their Yejmaans . There is another temple( in ruins at present )up above the hill.It is just 2 kms from Mattan town on Ranbirpora  plateau.That is world famous Sun Temple (In Greek Style ) built by illustrious king Lalitaditya of Kashmir in 8th century. It is in ruins but listed as a HERITAGE monument by UNESCO..

I have personally seen family records of  some prominent  film actors,politicians  and Industrialists of the country in Bahis or records maintained by Purohits of Mattan.


Ram Dasa finds repeated mention in Jonaraja's Rajtaringini as a trusted servant of king Jaylaldina Akvara (Emperor Akbar) .Ram Dasa is none other than the renowned miniature Painter in Akbar 's Darbar. Akbar  respected him and brought him to Kashmir along with. RamDasa painted illustrations for Emperor's Biography. or  Akbar-nama.


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1 comment:

  1. You have not mentioned about Gurudwara in loving memory of First Sikh Guru Guru Nanak dev ji


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