Friday, July 6, 2018




OCULUS   AT 9/ 11  ( WTC )  SITE

( Photographs Autar Mota )

World Trade Center site is the focal point of Lower Manhattan. An impressive Hub known as Oculus has been erected at 9/11 Memorial site.  Designed by Architect Santiago Calatrava, the “Oculus” is a train station, Plaza and shopping mall adjacent to the memorial site for the September 11, 2001 Terror attacks.  Opened in March 2016,The “Oculus” serves as the  focal point of the World Trade Center Transportation Hub .With 78,000 square feet covered  area , this  multi level state-of-the-art  Architecture hub is the third largest transportation center in New York City.

The hub has been designed to serve approximately 250,000 commuters each day and  facilitate the visit of  millions of visitors from around the world each year . Inside you find so many escalators and  Train station  Card swipe entry points   .   The  American flag is gracefully  hung within the Oculus. It’s a Big plaza, A  Mall  and a   Train station; All  the three under  one  roof .  From a Distance , the Structure looks like a Giant  white  Bird with wings .

As per a report :

"The World Trade Center Transportation Hub's concourse will finally  connect visitors to 11 different subway lines; The PATH rail system; the Battery Park City Ferry Terminal; the National September 11 Memorial & Museum; World Trade Center Towers 1, 2, 3, and 4; and Brookfield Place (formerly known as the World Financial Center), which houses the Winter Garden. It represents the most integrated network of underground pedestrian connections in New York City."

Oculus was widely used in the architecture of the Byzantine Empire.The circular opening in the domes or ceilings used in Oculus architecture is designed to bring in maximum natural sunlight . The circular opening in the centre of the dome or ceiling wall also allows rain to pour in and make inside cool . Rain water is carried away through special drainage system. Greeks and Romans used this architecture liberally in Pantheons.
(Avtar Mota)

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