Tuesday, October 20, 2015


GURU DUTT ( 1925-1964)

“ Jab Hum chalein to saaya bhi apnaa na saathh dhe ,
Jab tum chalo Zameen chalay Aasmaan chalay.
Jab hum rukein to saathh rukay sham e bekasi ,
Jab Tum Ruko Bahaar rukay chaandini Rukay.”

Guru Dutt ( 1925-1964 ) , known as genius and enigmatic film maker, continues to haunt Indian Cinema even 51 years after his Death. In this October 2015, he would have been 90 years old.

Why had he to kill himself at a very young age of 39 ?

(1) Was he an Alcoholic ?
(2) Was it due to his troubled marriage ?
(3) Was it due to the affair with his leading actress Waheeda Rehman ?
(4) Was it due to failure of his “ KAAGAZ KE PHOOL “ at Box office that ruined him financially?
(5) Was it the deep hurt that he carried on account of failure of his audience to appreciate his serious film “ KAAGAZ KE PHOOL “.
(6) Was it due to his belief ( in later years ) with regard to futility of existence that he had also conveyed to Abrar Alvi ?
(7) Was it an accidental overdose of sleeping tablets after his usual heavy drinking session ?

Even if he died young and could not completely do what he wanted to do for Indian Cinema , GURU DUTT remains a pioneer. A Pioneer for introducing the methodical song picturization . He is the first film maker who introduced dialogues in street language . Film dialogues used to be Bookish and the credit for this change goes to his friend , team mate and his script and dialogue writer Abrar Alvi. Guru Dutt had a fantastic perception of camera shoots . He made the characters in his frames speak inner tales. This he did with exceptional use of Light and shade. His team included the exceptionally skilled and crafty cinematographer known as V K Murthy.

His Pyaasa ( 1957 ) has been rated as one among100 best films of all times . Guru Dutt used the staircase symbolically in this film to create space for exchange of words between prostitute Gulab ( Waheeda Rehman ) and poet Vijay ( Guru Dutt ).The poet and the prostitute demonstrate higher and mundane love with their appropriate up and down movements along the staircase . In 2004, The British film Institute magazine "Sight And Sound" credited PYAASA with one of the best music creations for Cinema.

And his Kaagaz ke Phool ( 1959 ) , though a box office disaster , was ranked at 160 among the greatest films of all time . The song “ Waqt ne Kiyaa Kyaa haseen sitam “ remains as fresh and popular as it was in 1959. After some Hollywood directors appreciated the subject and its cinematic presentation by Guru Dutt, the movie was suddenly rediscovered . And after 1980 it picked up a cult following world over.

For her book “ GURU DUTT: MAKING OF CINEEMA  “ , Nasreen Munni Kabir interviewed Guru Dutt’s relations , friends and acquaintances some time around 1988. As producer of documentaries for Channel 4 TV, UK , she also made a well received documentary “ In search of Guru Dutt “ in 1989 .

 From her Book , it appears that some one who came very close to Understanding the enigma called Guru Dutt was his friend and film maker Raj Khosla.

In fact Guru Dutt was introduced to Raj khosla by Devanand and finally Raj KHOSLA  directed the all time super hit CID ( 1956 ) produced by Guru Dutt. The film had music composed by O P Nayyar and almost all the songs (Kahin pe Nigaahein kahin pe nishaana , Boojh Mera kyaa naam re , Aey dil Hai Mushkil jeena yahaan , Le ke pehlaa pehlaa pyaar, Aankhon hi aankhon mein Ishaara ho gayaa and Jaata kahaan hai deewane ) were instant hits .

In 1988, Late Raj Khosla told Nasreen Munni Kabir  ,

“He was a tremendously generous person. After CID, one day he called me and just handed me the keys of a car. It was a Dodge convertible. He said: "Here it is, here's your car." "What's this all about?" "It's a present for you for making CID" And the beauty of it was when I took the car home, I found the paperwork and everything was in my name. I did not have to bother to do anything further.

Guru Dutt's interest in detail was tremendous. That is the basis of all good writing and filmmaking. You look to the details and the details will look after the rest. He was very careful about the details and that's why his characters came alive. For Guru Dutt they were not characters merely talking and acting - but what worried him was: "What is my artist thinking at the moment in the story?"

I miss his quietness. We would sit together, he wouldn't speak for hours but I was comfortable with him. Today everybody talks a lot - they mean nothing. That company which would speak in silence - that's what I miss.
I could never touch the core of his heart . He was a deeply affectionate to everyone , to servants and the humblest people . He was devoted but could not express love . You see it is one thing to love someone but it is another to express love. So the whole thing came out in his films .That love he put through his movies .”

( Autar Mota )

Creative Commons License

CHINAR SHADE by Autarmota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
Based on a work at http:\\autarmota.blogspot.com\.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.