Thursday, October 17, 2013

HAKEEMS AND UNANI MEDICINES IN KASHMIR


                                                                                 



GOVERNMENT  G  B  PANT HOSPITAL  , BADAAMI BAGH , SRINAGAR KASHMIR
Photo Autar Mota

 To This Photograph , I am adding a brief story on Unani Medicines and  Hikmat in kashmir

 Abdul Hameed was my friend and class fellow in DAV School (Rainawari). He lived near the Ziyarat of Miyan Shah Sahib in Naidyaar Locality. He was not so good at studies but   his friends were mostly Pandit Boys . Some boys  from our  class  had seen him eating fried fish near Sheeraz Cinema ( Khanyar ) on a Friday and accordingly everyone started calling him Juma Gaada  ( Friday fish ).  Boys from DAV school would go to this cinema for watching New movies on Fridays. I think no boy in our class  knew other facets of Hameed’s personality .

Hameed was being trained by his father to be a Hakeem . His father was also a Hakeem  who practiced from a  small   shop in Naidyar  Bazar  of Rainawari . With kashmiris opting for Modern  Allopathic medicines , the customers at this shop were dwindling. Accordingly quite often  Hakeem sahib would operate from his residence only. I knew the family very well   as Hameed’s sister and My sister were friends and class fellows at  Vishwa Bharti  Girl’s school Rainawari. From Hamid  and his family , I came to know many things about Unani System of Medicine .   I still remember Hameed’s Comments when I had typhoid

“ Now that you are fine but I would have suggested you to Take CHOB  I CHIN. It is the final medicine and a wonder drug. It can revive a dying man. ”
 
Later I came to know that CHOB I CHIN was imported by Bohra Traders ( BUHUR in kashmiri ) from Ladakh and its supply  source was possibly somewhere in china .

Unani system of medicine owes its origin to Greece thanks to  Hippocrates  .  From Greece it spread to Arabia and then to Entire Central asia .   When Mongols attacked  Persia and Central Asian countries , scholars and Physicians of Unani Medicine fled and  brought this science to India .In India,  Unani System flourished  due to wide acceptance by Public. Ayurveda or the  Traditional Indian system of medicine also  continued to   flourish alongside .

Most of us know about   Hakeem Ajmal Khan (1868-1927) of Delhi   who championed the cause of this system of Medicine.  A busy Road and an equally busy  Market  in Karol Bagh New Delhi is named after this Great  Unani Hakeem and freedom fighter of the country . He is remembered for  revival of Unani Medicine in early 20th century India.

In Kashmir Hikmat and  Unani medicine was patronized by  Medieval Sultans . We know about Hakeem Shri Bhat who cured a poisonous boil that troubled sultan Zain ul Abdin.. We also know about   Hakeem Ali Mohd  (1906-1987 ) son of Hakeem Abdul Rehman of Zaina kadal srinagar  and  Hakim Sham lal Bhat ( 1900-1984 )  son of Hakeem Sehaj Bhat  of Habba  kadal Srinagar  Kashmir  who were known as  Dast e Shifa ( Healing Hands )  in kashmir .

Many  Youngsters smile and laugh when I tell them names of herbs and  Medicines which Hakeems in Kashmir would prescribe for ailments . Some names that I remember are ..

(1)  Teythavaaen
 (2)Sepistaan
(3) Kaahzabaan
(4)Nuna Posh ( Banafasha )
(5) Babri- Byol
(6) Guelie-Byol
(7)Koath
(8)Krothhaa
(9) Mowal
(10 ) Sosan
(11) Bagar Bhang
(12) Bamtsoonth Byol
(13 ) Nar Maada ( Herb )
(14 ) Wan-Praan
(15 ) Braari Gaasa
(16 ) Sarpang
( 17 ) Sharbats
(18) Allu Bukhara
(19 ) Magz e Tarbooz .
(20 ) Arq e Dalcheen
( 21 ) Shangiir ( Mulhatti )
(22 ) Roghan e Badaam shirin
( 23 ) Maghaz e Chilgoza
24) Qandh e safed
(25 ) Munaqqa
(26) Habb e Bawaseeri Khooni
(27) Zaaphal ( nutmeg)
(28 ) Draaekka ( Leechi )  for sucking impure blood .
(29) Arq e Gulaab
(30) Arq e Pudeena
(31 ) Roghan e Amla
(32 ) Roghan e Zaitoon

And later  my friend Abdul Hameed forgot everything about  Hikmat and the Unani System  of Medicines.    He took up a job  with  J&K state Road transport corporation . But I do not know why I still remember the names of these medicines and herbs.


Beetay Huve Lamhon Ki Khushboo Hai Mere Ghar mein
Book Rack pe Rakhein hain Yaadon ke kayee Album………..

( Autar Mota 17.10.2013 )



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2 comments:

  1. Unani word comes from Greek. Unani medicine is an ancient system of medication. It is similar to Ayurveda and traditional Chinese medicine. For more about healing visit at : "http://integratedmed.co.uk/unani-medicine"

    ReplyDelete