Tuesday, March 27, 2018

SHIV SUTRAS OF RISHI VASUGUPTA OF KASHMIR

                                                                                

                        
KNOWLEDGE IS A BONDAGE ... A painting depicting Shiv Sutra no 2  by Artist  Gokul Dembi

SHIV-SUTRAS OF RISHI   VASUGUPTA  OF KASHMIR 

So much discussion. So many scholars . So many books . A proud   cultural heritage of  Kashmiris in general and Pandits in particular. I tried to know it. Tried  to read some books . Read articles and heard discourses . Could not grasp much  as no person could present it in a simple and  layman’s language ;  A language that a beginner  could grasp.

And then through  my own efforts, i  came to  Rishi Vasugupta’s Shiv Sutras .

 Generations of Kashmiris shall remain indebted to  Rishi Vasugupta for presenting something great , simple , philosophical and mind boggling  through his 77 Shiv-Sutras ( aphorisms).  I  Read them one and all. It took me three days to understand the enormous philosophical dimensions of some Sutras that come in just one line. Most of us have not come to Kashmir’s Shaiva-Darshana from this way. At least I can say for myself. 

I quote  eleven sutras …
(a)
Knowledge is bondage.

(b)
Origin is the basis of knowledge.

(c)
Only awakening is knowledge.

(d)
Most mysterious is the mind.
(f)
There is a feeling of one being like Shiva.
(g) 
Body is an Offering .
( h)
Mind is the soul.
(i)
Consciousness becomes sublime when imagination is mastered.

(j)
Existence is eternal but life has end.
(k)
— Concentration into the origin of creation causes knowledge of why it is destroyed and created again.

I leave it to readers to think about various dimensions of these simple  one line Sutras ..

Enter the world of Kashmir’s Shaiv Darshana through these Sutras . 

I found a sprinkling of Shiv Sutras in the   Kashmiri Bhakti poetry of Mahatama Krishen Joo Razdan of Kashmir .According to Shiv Sutras ,want of awareness is Maya and  deep sleep.Awareness  dispels Maya. A real Sadhaka only desires awareness.  Mahatma  Krishen Joo Razdan says:-

"Hosh dim lagayo Pamposh Paadan

 ( Grant me awareness.This life at your lotus feet,my lord.)

( Avtar Mota )

PS

 Sage Vasugupta (875 – 925 CE) was the author of Shiva Sutras, an important text of the Advaita tradition of Kashmir Shaivism, also called Trika..It is believed that these Sutras were revealed to the sage somewhere near present day Harwan garden near the Mahadeva mountain. Some scholars believe that  Vasugupta found the Sutras inscribed on a rock called Sankaropala. A group of scholars are of the opinion   that Shiva appeared to sage Vasugupta in his dream. In this dream state, these Sutras were revealed to him and later written down by the sage.




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