Thursday, February 14, 2013

BY THOUGHTS AND DEEDS , VINOBA JI REMAINED A TRUE GANDHIAN



                                                                             
                                      

MAY 1953 ISSUE OF TIME MAGZINE FEATURING VINOBA BHAVE IN ITS COVER STORY


BOOK IN HAND …..”STEADFAST WISDOM ” by VINOBA BHAVE 


I like  to read Noted Gandhian thinker , philosopher and Saint Vinoba Bhave ( 1895-1982 ) . He was a sanskrit scholar who is also considered an authority on Upnishads , Vedas and more specifically Bhagwat Geeta . His commentaries on Mahabharata , Manusmriti , Ramayana , Bhagwat Geeta and Bible are worth reading . These commentaries exude positive vibrations and bear the stamp of a scholarly mind .Vinoba ji was proficient in Marathi , Hindi , Urdu , Gujrati , Bengali, Punjabi and many more Indian languages . He also had fairly good working knowledge of French and German .

                                                                               

( Bakshi Ghulam Mohd with Vinoba Bhave ji In kashmir )


Vinoba Ji's  Book THE ESSENCE OF QURAN is “A great effort to unite the hearts of Men ”and “a valuable addition to the spiritual lore of Humanity ” . He learnt Arabic to compile this book . Gandhi ji would often ask Vinoba to explain verses from Bhagwat Geeta as well as chapters from Holy Quran revealed at Mecca .Many muslim visitors to Gandhi ji ‘s Ashram ( especially Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan and Maulana Azad ) were amazed at the depth and clarity of religious knowledge of Vinoba ji .About his book THE ESSENCE OF QURAN Maulana Masoodi , scholar and leader from Kashmir once said



“ Even if a committee of experts were formed to do this sort of work on the quran that vinoba ji has done , it would take them years ”



Vinoba Bhave's most notable contribution was the creation of the Bhoodaan (land gift) movement whereby acres of fertile agriculture land was donated by rich landlords to poor and landless in villages across the country . It is worthwhile to mention that in 1951 when he visited Telengana villages ( ridden with armed uprising of poor landless ) and addressed the rich landlords with his Bhoodaan Message , one farmer handed over 100 acres of fertile land to vinoba ji there and then. He visited Pakistan where a rich landlord donated 15 acres of land to poor farmers of his village when he addressed a group of rich farmers over there .

Vinoba ji also visited Kashmir  during the summer of 1960. On 2nd August , he entered valley via Gulmarg after visiting Poonchh .He came  to spread the message of Bhoodaan . He stayed in J&K state for about 4 months and during this period , he visited  Sopore , Baramulla , Bandipore,  Handwara in North kashmir. He also visited many places in Anantnaag district as it existed during that period of time . He visited schools , colleges and addressed many gatherings spreading the message of peace , Unity , Bhoodaan and SARVODAYA.
                                                                   
He returned via Banihaal Cart Road and traveled on foot  for 21 days  addressing people  who thronged to see him at Banihaal, Ramsoo, Ramban, Chenani , Batote and Udhampur.
                                                                             
                                  ( Bakshi Ghulam Mohd with Vinoba ji at Baramulla )

His vision was a  new Social order  or a non violent society based on love , compassion and human values . SARVODAYA , as he explained , was  a society in which good of everyone was achievable   . His Mission of Bhoodaan or Voluntary Land Donation by rich to poor and landless was  something that brought  a peaceful change of heart. 


His knowledge of Holy Quran made many Maulavis blush when he would correct them in their Arabic pronunciation of certain words .
His visit to Chambal ravines made many dreaded dacoits including Maan singh , Ram Avtar , Lachchi Pandit , Daku Lukka and Tehsildaar Singh to surrender and lay arms at his feet.
some quotes of vinoba ji which impressed Gandhi ji as well are as under :-
“ If a man achieves victory over this body, who in the world can exercise power over him? He who rules himself rules over the whole world.”
“ It is a curious phenomena that God has made the hearts of the poor, rich and those of the rich, poor. “
“ When a thing is true, there is no need to use any arguments to substantiate it.”

Reading his Book “THE STEADFAST WISDOM ”. I quote some lines …

“ Pleasure has little to do with happiness. Happiness is abiding , pleasure transient .And sometimes suffering is salutary when accompanied by a sense of benignant service .When something is good for a person , he joyfully accepts the suffering that accompanies it .”

“ A Man of steadfast wisdom has three combined traits inherent to his personality . Recognize him by these traits which are Knowledge ( Gyaana ) , Feeling ( Bhaava ) and Activity ( Kriya ). These traits are complimentary to each other and not antagonistic . He deals any issue through this rainbow of Traits .”

“ Material things attack the mind .They do not make a direct assault on intellect .It may first seem that , though the mind is affected , the intellect is unaffected. Such a state does not last long .Precaution must be taken in time and the assault upon the mind checked at its source as soon as it starts .The first attack is made upon the mind. It is into our senses that material objects force an entry and obtain a foothold , fortifying their position. The first attack must be repelled there .The senses , the mind and the intellect are the three strongholds of desire . The senses are the outermost therefore the battle begins with them. “

( Autar Mota )
13th  Feb 2013 . Time 11.55 PM Good Night


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