Saturday, June 22, 2019



A brief story of SMGS ,  SMHS , SANITORIUMS and some other HOSPITALS  in J&K State.

(Photos... Foundation Stones  of SMHS Hospital Srinagar 1940 ,   Foundation stone of Zenana Hospital Rainawari 1908 and Opening of  Govt Medical College Srinagar 1961)

People of J&K state  witnessed the wonders of modern allopathic medicine and surgery during the period of Dogra  rulers. All this was possible  with the arrival of  christian missionaries in the state.. Both Maharaja Partap Singh and Maharaja Hari Singh were strong supporters of modern allopathic medicines.

 Maharaja Hari Singh had opened some dispensaries and two Sadar Hospitals in the state , Sadar Hospital of Srinagar operated from present lal Ded Hospital on a small scale though it had  installed an imported X Ray unit in 1919.

Apart from Government run dispensaries and Sadar Hospitals ,   Christian missionaries had  opened dispensaries at various centres in Jammu and Srinagar , it was Maharaja Hari Singh who was keen on opening two full fledged public hospitals  in the state . Accordingly two public hospitals were built in the state. One named SMGS (Sri Maharaja Gulab Singh) Hospital at Jammu and SMHS ( Sri Maharaja Hari Singh ) Hospital at Srinagar .SMGS Jammu was built at a  cost of Rupees Eight lakh while an expenditure of rupees  Thirty five lakhs was incurred to build SMHS Srinagar.. SMGS was thrown open to public by Maharaja Hari Singh on 6th  May 1940  , the foundation stone of SMHS Srinagar was laid by Marquess of Linlithgow, the Viceroy of India in 1940 . The  viceroy was on a visit to kashmir . SMHS  hospital  Srinagar was inaugurated by his successor, Lord Wavel on 11th of October 1945. A public hospital was also set up in Mirpur now falling in POK. .

Credit for opening two TB sanitoriums ( Tangmarg and Batote )  goes to Maharaja Hari singh. Film maker Ramanand Sagar stayed in Tangmarg sanitorium and urdu writer  Manto in Batote . Both recovered from  the dreaded Tuberculosis .. Dr Rahi Masoom Raza ( who wrote mega TV serial Mahabharata )also stayed at Tangmarg sanitorium for some time and recovered fully from Tuberculosis. Tangmarg sanitorium was set up in 1929. A 6 to 9 months stay at the Sanitorium cured so many patients from the dreaded Tuberculosis. Sanitoriums became redundant after the discovery of antibiotics.

Opening of Srinagar hospital was delayed as suitable piece of land could not be located in Srinagar city. Finally  the Hospital was   built on land provded by Hadow Mills Carpet Factory. That is why the hospital was  also known as Hadow Hospital . With the passage of time , word Hadow became  Hedvun  in kashmir. It is so called even to this day.

It is worth mentioning that prior to opening of SMHS Hospital ,  Christian Missionaries had set up four  Hospitals in kashmir valley. These hospitals were located  at Drogjun Srinagar ( Srinagar Mission Hospital) ,  Baramulla (St Joseph Hospital) , Anantnaag (Mission Hospital)  and Zenana Hospital Rainawari(Now known as JLNM Hospital) .

Drogjun  Hospital  Srinagar was started in 1898 while St Joseph's Hospital Baramulla was opened in 1921. Rainawari  Zenana Hospital was  opened in 1911 while Anantnaag Mission Hospital was  rebuilt and   restarted in 1892 . Besides this the missionaries also opened a Zenana Hospital at Nawakadal  presently being used as premises of  Nawakadal Girls   College   .

In 1891, a separate Leper Hospital was established by by Church Missionary Society  at Bahraar near Nagin lake.

The foundation stone of  Zenana Missionary Hospital at Rainawari was laid by C Tyndale Biscoe on 17th October 1908.

The missionaries also started an asylum for mentally sick near Badamvaari garden Srinagar. This hospital is now  known as Govt Psychiatry Hospital.

Apart from land provided by the state, All these Hospitals recieved  some finacial aid from Maharaja Partap Singh and Maharaja Hari singh .

And finally in 1961,  J&K Government opened state's first  Medical  College in srinagar .

(Avtar Mota)

Creative Commons License
CHINAR SHADE by Autarmota is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.5 India License.
Based on a work at http:\\\.

No comments:

Post a Comment

Note: Only a member of this blog may post a comment.